On This Day...
"You may tempt the upper classes
With your villainous demi-tasses,
But Heaven will protect the Working Girl."
--Edgar Smith [1857-1938]
BETTER WORKING CONDITIONS DAY
On January 21, 1919, New York garment workers, 35,000 strong, went on strike for a 44-hour week. The success of this strike was pivotal in the improvement of industrial working conditions.
"I have never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude. We are for the most part more lonely when we go abroad among men than when we stay in our chambers. A man thinking or working is always alone, let him be where he will."
--Henry David Thoreau
Walden  V, Solitude
NATIONAL HUGGING DAY [Be certain to wear additional deodorant today!.]
Happy Birthday ......
In 1743, John Fitch, had a working steamboat years before Fulton.
In 1813, John C Fremont, mapmaker & explorer of Western US
In 1815, Horace Wells, dentist, pioneer in use of medical anethesia.
In 1824, Thomas (Stonewall) Jackson, Confederate general
In 1884, Roger Nash Baldwin, founder of American Civil Liberties Union
In 1887, Wolfgang Köhler, Gestalt psychologist (The Mentality of Apes).
In 1925, Benny Hill, comedian who rose to fame in his native England with his saucy variety series that was famous for its sexual innuendoes, “The Benny Hill Show.” Hill was raised in Southampton, England, and worked as a milkman before moving to London at the age of 19 to become a star. After securing a job as a theatre manager, Hill began to work on his comedic skills, and eventually made his stage debut in a 1941 production of “Stars in Battledress.” A star of both the big and small screens, Hill appeared in the television series “Hi There,” and the films Who Done It? (1956), Those Magnificent Men in Their Flying Machines (1965) and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang (1969). In the late 1960’s, Hill’s bawdy humor was given a life of its own on “The Benny Hill Show,” and by the 1970’s American audiences were enjoying his skits as well. Benny Hill's TV career came to an end in 1989, when his show was dropped, but his popularity continued and he completed a US TV special shortly before his death in 1992.
In 1940, Jack Nicklaus, golfer. For most of the past 30 years Jack Nicklaus has been considered golf's greatest. His longevity has proved equal to Arnold Palmer's, and only Ben Hogan and Bobby Jones can be considered players in Nicklaus's league.
In 1941, Placido Domingo, Spanish operatic tenor, born.
In 1942, Mac Davis, musician/singer.
In 1951, "Karten," an Active Worlds friend of the Old Kunnel and frequent visitor to the OK's world, AlwaysOK. "People are like wines, age souring the bad and improving the good." Although Karten is not as aged as the Old Kunnel he is definitely as good a wine. [grin]
In 1957, Actress Geena Davis born in Massachusetts; Actress who went from waitress to model to leading lady of the silver screen. Davis made her movie debut as a scantily clad soap star in Tootsie (1982). After appearing in the feature films Fletch (1985) and The Fly (1986), Davis turned in an Oscar-winning performance in The Accidental Tourist. As the latest darling of the Academy, Davis went on to garner an Oscar nod for the chick flick Thelma and Louise (1991). Now planted firmly on Hollywood’s A-List, Geena headlined the films A League of Their Own (1992), Speechless (1994), Angie (1994) and The Long Kiss Goodnight (1996). In addition to her award-winning sitcom stint, she also delighted audiences in in the sequel to the hit children’s feature Stuart Little (2002).
Geena Davis won a Golden Globe for her role as president in the TV show Commander in Chief the week of her "golden" 50th birthday.
On this day...
In 1793, King Louis XVI was guillotined after being found guilty of treason against the new French Republic.
In 1813, the pineapple is introduced to Hawaii.
In 1846, the first issue of the "Daily News," edited by Charles Dickens, was published, in London.
In 1861, [Civil War] Mississippi Sen. Jefferson Davis resigned from the U.S. Senate, 12 days before Mississippi seceded from the Union.
In 1863, First Battle of Sabine Pass
Two Confederate ships drive away two Union ships as the Rebels recapture Sabine Pass, Texas, and open an important port for the Confederacy.
Sabine Pass lay at the mouth of the Sabine River along the gulf coast of Texas. The Confederates constructed a major fort there in 1861. In September 1862, a Union force captured the fort and, shortly after, the port of Galveston to the southwest. The Yankees now controlled much of the Texas coast. In November, Confederate General John Bankhead Magruder arrived to change Southern fortunes in the area. Magruder,an early Confederate hero in Virginia,was assigned the difficult task of expelling the Federals from Sabine Pass and Galveston.
Magruder’s efforts paid quick dividends. He recaptured Galveston and then turned his attention to Sabine Pass. The decks of the two Rebel ships, the Bell and the Uncle Ben, were stacked with cotton bales. Sharpshooters were placed behind the bales and the ships steamed towards the two Union ships, the Morning Lightand the Velocity. Some of the sharpshooters became seasick and had to be removed, but the expedition continued. The Confederates chased the Yankee ships into open water, and the sharpshooters injured many Union gunners. Both Union ships soon surrendered. Magruder’s victory reopened the Texas coast for Confederate shipping.
The Union tried to recapture Sabine Pass later in the year, but the effort was thwarted when less than 50 Confederates inside the fort there held off a much larger Union force.
In 1908, New York City's Board of Aldermen passed an ordinance prohibiting women from smoking in public. [The measure was vetoed two weeks later by Mayor George B. McClellan Jr.]
In 1911, the first Monte Carlo motor rally began.
In 1915, the first Kiwanis International Club is founded in Detroit.
In 1924, Soviet leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin died of a brain haemorrhage. He had led the Bolsheviks to victory in the 1917 October Revolution. Joseph Stalin began a purge of his rivals for the leadership of the Soviet Union.
In 1927, the first opera broadcast over a national radio network was presented in Chicago, Illinois. The opera was "Faust".
In 1936, Edward VIII was proclaimed Britain's king following the death of his father, George V.
World At War
World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.
Nine Notable Veterans of World War II
THE GREAT BATTLES OF WORLD WAR IIIn 1942, German forces under Erwin Rommel launched a counter-offensive against British-led Allied forces in North Africa in World War II.
In 1943, Pacific: U.S. and Australian troops join forces in New Guinea.
Britain: Nazi daylight air raid kills 34 in London school.
In 1945, the Battle of the Bulge, in which 77,000 Americans are killed, wounded or go missing in action, finally ends. It is the single heaviest battle toll in U.S. history, but marks Germany's last major offensive against the Allied forces in World War II.
Red army invades Germany in East and West.
In 1954, the Nautilus launched, first nuclear submarine.
In 1959, film great Cecile B. DeMille, director of such movies as Cleopatra, The Greatest Show on Earth and The Ten Commandments, dies of heart complications in his home on De Mille Drive in Hollywood, Calif. He was 78. A few days later, he was laid to rest at Hollywood Memorial Cemetery.
In 1962, snow falls in San Francisco, believe it or not.
In 1972, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: ``American Pie,'' Don McLean. The song, at 8 minutes and 27 seconds, is too long to fit on one side of a single and is split into two parts for release as a 45.
In 1974, the YF-16 prototype makes a first, unplanned flight at Edwards AFB, California. As a company test pilot conducts high-speed taxi tests, the aircraft lifts off the runway, and rather than risk damage to the aircraft, the pilots elects to lift off and go around to come in for a normal landing.
Supreme Court rules that pregnant teachers can no longer be forced to take long leaves of absence.
In 1976, the first passenger supersonic plane, the Concorde, able to travel at twice the speed of sound and developed as a joint venture between the French and English, is put into service by Air France and British Airways.
In 1977, President Carter pardoned almost all Vietnam War draft dodgers, numbering over 10,000. President Carter urged families to leave their thermostats set at 65 degrees in an effort to ease the energy crisis.
In 1979, Neptune becomes the outermost planet (Pluto moves closer).
In 1984, soul star Jackie Wilson dies of a heart attack at the age of 49. He had six No. 1 songs on Billboard's R&B singles charts, including "Lonely Teardrops," which stays at No. 1 for seven weeks in 1958.
In 1985, President Ronald Reagan's second inauguration was the oldest on record. At swearing-in time, the temperature was 7 degrees Fahrenheit.
In 1986, 100 brave souls participated in the Nude Olympics running race in Purdue, Indiana. Thermometers read 38 degrees.
In 1987, Roy Orbison, Smokey Robinson, Aretha Franklin, Jackie Wilson are among those inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
In 1990, tennis great John McEnroe was disqualified and expelled for throwing a tantrum and using abusive language at an official at the Australian Open. In the Soviet republic of Azerbaijan, mutinous military cadets fired on troops patrolling the capital during a crackdown on a nationalist uprising.
In 1991, during the Gulf War, CBS newsman Bob Simon, CBS London bureau chief Peter Bluff, a cameraman and soundman were captured by Iraqi forces. They were released March 2. Iraq announced that it would use hostages as human shields against allied warplanes.
In 1993, the largest doughnut ever made weighed 3,739 pounds and was measured at 16 feet across and 16 inches tall in Utica, New York.
In 1994, Lorena Bobbitt was found temporarily insane and not guilty of malicious wounding for severing her husband's penis. She accused him of sexually assaulting her.
In 1995, President Clinton, addressing the Democratic National Committee, implored members to "bear down and go forward" despite results of the 1994 elections.
In 1997, Speaker Newt Gingrich was reprimanded and fined as the House voted for the first time in history to discipline its leader for ethical misconduct.
In the face of continuing reports of legally dubious fund-raising practices, the Democratic National Committee announced it would no longer take donations from foreign nationals or from U.S. subsidiaries of foreign companies.
Music industry legend Col. Tom Parker, the master promoter who guided Elvis Presley to stardom, dies in Las Vegas from complications from a stroke. He is 87.
Irwin Jesse Levin, whose song "Tie a Yellow Ribbon `Round the Old Oak Tree" became an unofficial anthem of the nation during the Iran hostage crisis, dies of kidney failure at the age of 58.
In 1998, President Clinton angrily denied reports of an affair with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky and that he had tried to get her to lie about it.
Pope John Paul II arrived in Havana for his first visit to Cuba.
In 1999, former Sen. Dale Bumpers, an Arkansas Democrat, told the Senate impeachment trial of Bill Clinton the president was guilty of a "terrible moral lapse" but not of conduct warranting or even permitting his removal from office.
Raul Salinas de Gortari, brother of a former Mexican president, was convicted of masterminding the murder of rival Jose Francisco Ruiz Massieu and sentenced to 50 years.
The U.S. Coast Guard intercepted a ship headed for Houston, TX, that had over 9,500 pounds of cocaine aboard. It was one of the largest drug busts in U.S. history.In 2002, singing legend Peggy Lee died of a heart attack at the age of 81. Lee is best known for her rendition of "Fever" and in 1969 she won a Grammy award for best contemporary female vocal performance for the hit "Is That All There Is?" Miss Lee was launched onto the music scene in 1941 when she joined the line-up of the Benny Goodman Band, going on to marry the group's guitarist David Barbour. R.I.P.
In Goma, Congo, about fifty people were killed when lava flow ignited a gas station. The people killed were trying to steal fuel from elevated tanks. The eruption of Mount Nyiragongo began on January 17, 2002.
In London, a 17th century book by Capt. John Smith, founder of the English settlement at Jamestown, was sold at auction for $48,800. "The General History of Virginia, New England and the Summer Isles" was published in 1632.
In 2003, it was announced by the U.S. Census Bureau that estimates showed that the Hispanic population had passed the black population for the first time.
Lee Boyd Malvo, 17, was indicted by a grand jury on murder charges stemming from the Washington area sniper attacks.
In 2004, ten months before facing voters, President Bush used an upbeat State of the Union address to defend his stewardship of the nation at home and abroad and to call on Americans to stay the course.
A U.S. scientist who had toured North Korea nuclear facilities told Congress there was evidence they could produce enriched plutonium.
China ushered in the year of the monkey, a positive sign in Chinese astrology for business and growth.
In 2005, a Muslim holy day was marred by a series of bombings in Iraq that claimed as many as 30 lives. In one incident, an ambulance drove into a wedding party south of Baghdad and blew up, killing as many as 12 people. In 2006, an audiotape from al-Qaida's second in command, Ayman al-Zawahri, was posted on an Islamic Web site, but U.S. officials said the recording does not appear to have been made recently and may even date back years.
Rescuers in West Virginia found the bodies of two miners who'd disappeared after a conveyor belt caught fire deep inside a coal mine.
A Red Cross chartered helicopter that had been used for earthquake relief in Pakistan went missing [the wreckage of the copter and the bodies of the seven people on board were found in June 2006.]
In 2007,In 2009, after more than seven decades as the world’s largest automaker, General Motors (GM) officially loses the title, when it announces worldwide sales of 8.36 million cars and trucks in 2008, compared with Toyota’s 8.97 million vehicle sales that same year. However, the news wasn’t all rosy for the Japanese auto giant, which later in 2009 posted its first-ever loss as a public company. [Maybe the Old Kunnel's purchase of a Cadilliac helped that allong. grin]
James "Jake" McNiece, a World War II veteran who led a group of men on a mission that inspired his fellow soldiers, as well as Hollywood, has died. He was 93.
McNiece, a retired Ponca City, Oklahoma, postal worker, commanded a group of men during WWII nicknamed "The Filthy 13." That group served as the inspiration for the movie "The Dirty Dozen."
Hours before June 6, 1944 – famously known as the D-Day invasion -- McNiece led 18 paratroopers as they jumped into France, and destroyed two bridges and took control of a third in order to prevent German reinforcements from moving into Normandy.
Sixteen men were killed during the mission. Only McNiece and two others survived, but their actions helped the Allies liberate France from the Nazis. In September 2012, McNiece was honored, in September 2012, with France's most prestigious honor for his actions during the war.
[A tip of the Ol'Kunnel's beanie to Pat for this news note. More information on Jake McNiece can be located in Wikipedia, the FREE web encyclopedia.]
In 2014, for millennia, claims that the Carthaginians sacrificed children to their gods have been dismissed as propaganda pedaled by their enemies in Rome and Greece. Recently, however, new research emerged that suggests the ancient Punic people who emerged as Rome's chief rival in the Mediterranean in the mid-3rd century B.C. did in fact sacrifice their young in religious rituals.
Thought for the day...
[This is the 01/21/2019 bulletin.]
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