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Today's quotation...
"Bricks and mortar make a house, but the laughter of children makes a home."
-- Irish proverb


On this date in 1752, Benjamin Franklin flew a kite during a lightning storm to prove that lightning was a discharge of electricity.

Smile Power Day
A smile creates a happier life and a better world.
"Smiles" is the longest word in the dictionary. There is a mile between both 'esses'.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1330, Edward, the Black Prince.
    In 1843, Edvard Grieg, Norwegian composer.
    In 1916, Actress Dorothy McGuire.
    In 1923, Actor Gene Barry, "War Of The Worlds."
    In 1925, former White House news secretary Pierre Salinger.
    In 1954, James "Jim" Belushi, actor and comedian who, like his brother the late John Belushi, was a cast member of "Saturday Night Live." One of Belushi’s first acting jobs was starring in the short-lived sitcom, "Working Stiffs," in 1979. Belushi’s sitcom work helped him land a role in the 1981 thriller, Thief. Since making his big screen debut, Belushi has many times not been cast as the leading man in films, but rather as the friend who provides some much needed comic relief. In addition to working on "Saturday Night Live" in the mid-eighties, Belushi has appeared in a steady stream of films including About Last Night, Red Heat, K-9, Only the Lonely, Curly Sue, Jingle All the Way and Joe Somebody. He is currently the star of the ABC series, "According to Jim."
    In 1963, Helen Hunt, actress who won an Academy Award for Best Actress in 1997 for her performance in the film As Good As It Gets. By age 9, Hunt had already made her acting debut on "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" and knew that she was destined to be in show business. Hunt began starring in films including Girls Just Want to Have Fun, Mr. Saturday Night and the critically acclaimed The Waterdance. From the moment the sitcom, "Mad About You," premiered in 1992, audiences were thrilled with a show that took a challenging and witty look at married life. Fans loyally followed Helen’s character, Jamie, and over 25 million viewers tuned in for the 1997 season finale in which her baby girl was born. In addition to her Oscar-winning performance in As Good As It Gets Hunt also starred in a string of hits including Cast Away, Pay It Forward, What Women Want and The Curse of the Jade Scorpion. In May, 2004, Helen gave birth to a baby girl.

 On this day...
    In 1215, King John reluctantly signs the Magna Carta at Runnymede.
    In 1520, the Pope threatens to toss Luther out of the Catholic Church.
    In 1607, colonists in North America completed James Fort in Jamestown.
    In 1664, the state of New Jersey is founded.
    In 1752, Benjamin Franklin experimented by flying a kite during a thunderstorm. The result was a little spark that showed the relationship between lightning and electricity.
    In 1775, Washington appointed Commander-in-chief of the American Army.
    In 1785, M. de Rozier, the first man to fly in a hot air balloon becomes the first fatality in aviation history over the English Channel.
    In 1836, Arkansas becomes 25th state.
    In 1844, Goodyear patents the process for vulcanization of rubber.
    In 1846, Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49ø North.
    In 1858, Christians massacred at Jedda.
    In 1863, [Civil War] Lincoln calls for help
    President Abraham Lincoln calls for help in protecting Washington, D.C., America’s capital city.
    Throughout June, Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia was on the move. He had pulled his army from its position along the Rappahannock River around Fredericksburg, Virginia, and set it on the road to Pennsylvania. Lee and the Confederate leadership decided to try a second invasion of the North to take pressure off Virginia and to seize the initiative against the Army of the Potomac. The first invasion, in September 1862, failed when the Federals fought Lee’s army to a standstill at the Battle of Antietam in Maryland.
    Lee later divided his army and sent the regiments toward the Shenandoah Valley, using the Blue Ridge Mountains as a screen. After the Confederates took Winchester, Virginia, on June 14, they were situated on the Potomac River, seemingly in a position to move on Washington, D.C. Lincoln did not know it, but Lee had no intention of attacking Washington. All Lincoln knew was that the Rebel army was moving en masse and that Union troops could not be certain as to the Confederates’ location.
    On June 15, Lincoln put out an emergency call for 100,000 troops from the state militias of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, and West Virginia. Although the troops were not needed, and the call could not be fulfilled in such a short time, it was an indication of how little the Union authorities knew of Lee’s movements and how vulnerable they thought the Federal capital was.
    In 1864, an order to establish a military burial ground was signed by Secretary of War, Edwin M. Stanton. The location later became known as Arlington National Cemetery.
    Battle of Petersburg begins
    Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia collide for the last time as the first wave of Union troops attacks Petersburg, a vital Southern rail center 23 miles south of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The two massive armies would not become disentangled until April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered and his men went home.
    In June 1864, in a brilliant tactical maneuver, Grant marched his army around the Army of Northern Virginia, crossed the James River unopposed, and advanced his forces to Petersburg. Knowing that the fall of Petersburg would mean the fall of Richmond, Lee raced to reinforce the city’s defenses. The mass of Grant’s army arrived first. On June 15, the first day of the Battle of Petersburg, some 10,000 Union troops under General William F. Smith moved against the Confederate defenders of Petersburg, made up of only a few thousand armed old men and boys commanded by General P.G.T. Beauregard. However, the Confederates had the advantage of formidable physical defenses, and they held off the overly cautious Union assault. The next day, more Federal troops arrived, but Beauregard was reinforced by Lee, and the Confederate line remained unbroken during several Union attacks occurring over the next two days.
    By June 18, Grant had nearly 100,000 at his disposal at Petersburg, but the 20,000 Confederate defenders held on as Lee hurried the rest of his Army of Northern Virginia into the entrenchments. Knowing that further attacks would be futile, but satisfied to have bottled up the Army of Northern Virginia, Grant’s army dug trenches and began a prolonged siege of Petersburg.
    Finally, on April 2, 1865, with his defense line overextended and his troops starving, Lee’s right flank suffered a major defeat against Union cavalry under General Phillip Sheridan, and Grant ordered a general attack on all fronts. The Army of Northern Virginia retreated under heavy fire; the Confederate government fled Richmond on Lee’s recommendation; and Petersburg, and then Richmond, fell to the Union. Less than a week later, Grant’s massive army headed off the remnants of the Army of Northern Virginia at Appomattox Station, and Lee was forced to surrender, effectively ending the Civil War.

    In 1867, the first gallstone operation performed by Dr. John Stough Bobbs in Indianapolis, Indiana.
    In 1877, Henry O. Flipper, is the first black American to graduate from West Point.
    In 1878, first attempt at motion pictures (to see if all 4 horse's hooves leave the ground during a gallop).
    In 1894, America's first commercial museum organized in Philadelphia.
    In 1909, a cork centered baseball patented by inventor Benjamin F. Shibe of Bala, PA.
    In 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America.
    In 1919, Captain John Alcock and Lt. Arthur W. Brown won $50,000 for successfully completing the first non-stop transatlantic flight landing in Clifden, Ireland.
    In 1924, the Ford Motor Company manufactures ten millionth car.
    In 1928, Lieutenants. Karl S. Axtater and Edward H. White, flying in an Air Corps blimp complete first aircraft-to-train transfer of U.S. Mail.
    In 1932, Gaston Means was sentenced to 15 years for fraud in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping.
    In 1936, the Vickers Wellington medium bomber prototype makes its first flight at Brooklands, England.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

* * * * * * * * * * * * Operation Overlord - The Beginning of the End for Nazi Germany D-Day June 6, 1944 * IKE: ALLIED TROOPS LAND ON FRENCH COAST * * * * * * * * * * * * Operation Overlord - The Beginning of the End for Nazi Germany D-Day June 6, 1944 * IKE: ALLIED TROOPS LAND ON FRENCH COAST * * * * * * * * * * * * *
    In 1940, France surrenders to Hitler.
    In 1942, Washington: U.S. officials open nationwide drive to salvage rubber.
    U.S.S.R.: Red navy shells Nazis at Sevastopol.
    Alaska: U.S. fliers blast six Japanese ships in Aleutians.
    North Africa: Tank war between Germans and British raging to climax in Libya.
    The Albert Camus novel "L'Etranger" [The Stranger] was first published in France.
    In 1943, the 58th Bombardment Wing, the Army Air Forces' first B-29 unit, is established at Marietta, Ga.
    The world's first operational jet bomber, the German Arado Ar-234V-1 Blitz, makes its first flight.
    Headline: The “Blobel Commando” begins its cover-up of atrocities
    Paul Blobel, an SS colonel, is given the assignment of coordinating the destruction of the evidence of the grossest of Nazi atrocities, the systematic extermination of European Jews. As the summer of 1943 approached, Allied forces had begun making cracks in Axis strongholds, in the Pacific and in the Mediterranean specifically. Heinrich Himmler, leader of the SS, the elite corps of Nazi bodyguards that grew into a paramilitary terror force, began to consider the possibility of German defeat and worried that the mass murder of Jews and Soviet prisoners of war would be discovered. A plan was devised to dig up the buried dead and burn the corpses at each camp and extermination site. The man chosen to oversee this yearlong project was Paul Blobel.
    Blobel certainly had some of that blood on his hands himself, as he was in charge of SS killing squads in German-occupied areas of Russia. He now drew together another kind of squad, “Special Commando Group 1,005,” dedicated to this destruction of human evidence. Blobel began with “death pits” near Lvov, in Poland, and forced hundreds of Jewish slave laborers from the nearby concentration camp to dig up the corpses and burn them–but not before extracting the gold from the teeth of the victims.
    In 1944, forty-seven B-29 crews based in India make the first B-29 strike against Japan.
     U.S. Marines began their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II.
     The first flying bomb attacks by the Nazis on London were made.
    In 1945, Headline: Judy Garland marries Vincente Minnelli
    The 23-year-old actress and singer Judy Garland marries the director Vincente Minnelli, her second husband. The couple had one daughter, the actress and singer Liza Minnelli.
Garland was born Frances Gumm in 1922, in Grand Rapids, Minnesota. Her parents ran a movie theater, and at age three Frances joined her two older sisters in a vaudeville act called The Gumm Sisters that performed before the movie presentation. Her mother later took them on the vaudeville circuit, where they were eventually renamed The Garland Sisters. Although the girls weren’t especially well received as a vaudeville act, Frances–now known as Judy Garland–drew the attention of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM)’s production head, Louis B. Mayer. He signed her to a contract when she was 13 years old. Two years later, she made the first of her nine films with Mickey Rooney. Garland became a star in 1939 with The Wizard of Oz, in which she played Dorothy, a role originally intended for Shirley Temple. In the film, she performed the plaintive ballad “Somewhere Over the Rainbow,” which would become one of her signature songs. Garland also delighted audiences in other movie musicals, including Strike Up the Band (1941), For Me and My Gal (1942) and Meet Me in St. Louis (1944).
    In 1941, at the age of 19, Garland married the bandleader David Rose, but the marriage broke up in 1945. She met Minnelli, who was also married at the time, when he directed her in Meet Me in St. Louis. Minnelli was born in Chicago in 1903 and, like Garland, entered show business while a toddler, performing in a family act. He dropped out of school at 16 and became a costume designer and stage manager for the live acts that preceded films shown at a Chicago theater chain. He later moved to New York, eventually becoming an art director at Radio City Music Hall. He began directing Broadway musicals in 1935, and moved to Hollywood in 1940, when MGM hired him as a film director.
    While they were married, Garland and Minnelli worked together on The Clock (1945) and The Pirate (1948). Their daughter, Liza, was born in 1946, and the marriage lasted until 1951. Minnelli went on to direct Oscar-winning films that included An American in Paris (1951), Band Wagon (1953) and Gigi. He also directed Father of the Bride (1950).
    Garland had used amphetamines and sleeping pills since adolescence, and her dependence on drugs and alcohol eventually undermined her career and led to several nervous breakdowns and suicide attempts. Her third husband, Sid Luft, managed her comeback in the early 1950s, booking her in triumphant live engagements in London and New York. Garland won an Academy Award nomination for Best Actress for A Star Is Born (1954), but her downward spiral resumed in the 1960s,
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    In 1951, first commercial electronic computer dedicated in Philadelphia.
    In 1956, Future Beatles John Lennon age 16 meets Paul McCartney, 14, at Woolton Paris Church, Liverpool.
    In 1975, Soyuz 19 launched.
    In 1977, Spain's first free elections since 1936.
    In 1978, Soyuz 29 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6; they stay 139 days.
     King Hussein of Jordan married 26-year-old American, Lisa Halaby, who became Queen Noor.
    In 1982, riots in Argentina after Falklands/Malvinas defeat.
    In 1983, the U.S. Supreme Court reinforced its position on abortion by striking down state and local restrictions on abortions.
    In 1985, U.S. Navy diver, Robert D. Stethem, was killed by the hijacker-terrorists of Flight 847.
    In 1986, Pravda, the Communist Party newspaper, reported that the chief engineer of the Chernobyl nuclear plant was dismissed for mishandling the incident at the plant.
    In 1989 House Democrats chose Richard Gephardt to be majority leader and William H. Gray to be majority whip. Former President Reagan received an honorary knighthood from Britain's Queen Elizabeth II. Actress Zsa Zsa Gabor was arrested for slapping a Beverly Hills motorcycle patrolman.
    In 1991, Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines erupts: 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide will slightly cool the earth for several years.
    In 1992, Vice President Dan Quayle instructed a student to spell "potato" with an "e" on the end during a spelling bee. He had relied on a faulty flash card.
    In 1994, Israel and the Vatican established full diplomatic ties, sealing a historic accord on mutual recognition and reconciliation after centuries of bitterness between Roman Catholics and Jews.
    In 1995, during the O.J. Simpson murder trial, O.J. was asked to put on a pair of gloves. The gloves were said to have been worn by the killer on the night of the murders of Nicole Brown and Ronald Goldman. The gloves appeared not to fit.
    In 1996, Ella Fitzgerald, first lady of jazz, died aged 79.
    an IRA truck bomb detonated at a Manchester, UK, shopping center, wounding 206 persons, including two German tourists, and caused extensive property damage.
    In 1998, the Chicago Bulls clinched their sixth NBA championship, defeating the Utah Jazz.
     The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state prison inmates are protected by the Americans with Disabilities Act.
    In 1999, South Korean naval forces sank a North Korean torpedo boat during an exchange in the disputed Yellow Sea.
    In 2002, an asteroid with a diameter of between 50 and 120 yards narrowly missed the Earth by 75,000 miles -- less than a third of the distance to the moon.
    In 2006, the death toll of U.S. servicemen and women in the Iraq war reached 2,500.
    In 2007, retired "Price Is Right" host Bob Barker won his 19th Daytime Emmy.
    In 2009,
Israel:government web sites attacked
JERUSALEM, June 15 (UPI) --
Israeli government officials believe hackers from the Soviet Union paid by Hezbollah or Hamas, were responsible for an attack on government Web sites.
A report in Haaretz Monday said the attacks were executed by at least 500,000 during the military offensive in Gaza earlier this year.
The report quoted government officials as saying the cyber attacks were very similar to those against Georgia last year on the eve of war with Russia, and therefore they could not rule out the possibility the attacks were carried out by criminal organizations from the former Soviet Union who received their funding from the pro Islamic organizations.
The Israeli army said the home front command site, which instructs the public how to behave in an emergency, was down for a half hour, the newspaper said.
The report also noted the Tehila organization responsible for all government Web sites said it managed to "protect Israel's cyber infrastructure," and repair the Web sites within five to 20 minutes.
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11:02 6/15/2009
    In 2011, Arizona Rep. Gabrielle Giffords was released from a Houston hospital, five months after being shot in the head during a Tucson political event.

 Thought for the day...

[This is the 06/15/2019 bulletin.]