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Today's quotation...
    In 1938, Franklin D. Roosevelt presented Americans with this important reminder: "Remember, remember always that all of us, and you and I especially, are descended from immigrants and revolutionists."

Motion Picture Day

    In 1895, Woodville Latham presented a demonstration of the projection of a motion picture on a screen in New York City.
10:25 4/20/2008


 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1816, Charlotte Brontë, English novelist (Jane Eyre).
    In 1838, John Muir, naturalist.
    In 1915, Actor Anthony Quinn, born Anthony Rudolph Oaxaca Quinn in Chihuahua, Mexico. Quinn's family moved to Los Angeles when he was four years old. Quinn had a number of jobs before turning to acting in the 1930s; his first movie role was in 1936. Of Mexican-Indian and Mexican-Irish parentage, he was tall, swarthy, and powerfully built, and early in his career played dozens of Native American and outlaw roles. Thereafter, he was cast as a rugged ethnic or exotic of varying backgrounds. An actor who seemed to personify the life force, he played a dissolute Mexican in Kazan's Viva Zapata! (1952, Academy Award), an Italian strongman in Fellini 's La Strada (1954), an intense Gauguin in Lust for Life (1956, Academy Award), a battered prizefighter in Requiem for a Heavyweight (1962), the charismatic Zorba in Zorba the Greek (1964; he toured with the musical stage version, 1982-83), and an Aristotle Onassis-like figure in The Greek Tycoon (1978). He made more than 100 additional films and appeared in several plays and television dramas. He was also an accomplished visual artist. Anthony Quinn died in 2001.
    In 1926,
Queen Elizabeth II, born Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, she is the reigning queen of Great Britain, a title she has held since 1953 following the death of her father George VI. She is married to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh and is the mother of four children: Charles, Prince of Wales, Anne, Andrew and Edward. Throughout her reign, Elizabeth II has seen vast changes in the lives of her people and in the power and prestige of her nation. After World War II, Great Britain suffered great economic difficulties. Many industries were nationalized, and in 1973 Great Britain became a member of the European Economic Community. By the early 1980s, some 40 former British colonies, protectorates, and mandate territories had been granted their independence. In 1992, the Queen and Prince Charles became the first monarchs to pay income taxes on their personal income.
10:44 4/20/2009

    In 1951, Tony Danza, former boxer turned actor who made his debut in 1978 playing Tony Banta on the hit television sitcom, "Taxi." In 1984, he went on to play Tony Micelli, a former baseball player who becomes a male housekeeper, on the long running comedy series, "Who’s the Boss." In the 1990s, Danza had little success with two short-lived sitcom attempts, "Hudson Street" and the "Tony Danza Show." Feature films for Tony include Hollywood Knights, Going Ape, Cannonball Run II, She’s Out of Control, Angels in the Outfield and A Brooklyn State of Mind. He also starred in the 1997 television movie remake of the classic film, Twelve Angry Men. More recently, he starred in the film The Whisper, and has been hosting and producing the talk show "The Tony Danza Show" since 2004.
    In 1958, Andie MacDowell, actress, who was a former Calvin Klein model before landing her first feature film role as Jane in the 1984 movie Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes. By the release of her third film, the sleeper hit Sex, Lies and Video Tape, MacDowell had established herself as a serious Hollywood contender. Her talent for light comedy led to roles in the films Green Card, Groundhog Day, Four Weddings and a Funeral, Multiplicity and Michael. More recently, MacDowell appeared in The Last Sign (2004) and Beauty Shop in 2005.
What Is Past Is Prologue;
And, As For The Future,

In God We Trust

 On this day...
    In 753 BC, Rome [the Eternal City] was founded.
    In 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act was passed, allowing all freedom of worship.
    In 1789, John Adams was sworn in as the first Vice President.
    In 1828, Noah Webster published the first American dictionary.
    In 1836, the Texans defeated the Mexicans at the battle of San Jacinto, ensuring the independence of Texas. Today is celebrated in Texas as "San Jacinto Day."
    In 1828, Noah Webster publishes first American dictionary.
    In 1857, the 'Bustle' patented.
    In 1862, Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorado.
    [Civil War] Steight’s Raid begins
    Union Colonel Abel Streight begins a raid into northern Alabama and Georgia with the goal of cutting the Western and Atlantic Railroad between Chattanooga, Tennessee and Atlanta. The raid ended when Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest captured Streight’s entire command near Rome, Georgia. The plan called for Streight and General Greenville Dodge to move from central Tennessee into northwestern Alabama. Dodge would lead a diversionary attack on Tuscumbia, Alabama, while Streight would take nearly 2,000 troopers across northern Alabama and into Georgia. Streight outfitted his men with mules instead of horses, as he felt they were better adapted to the rugged terrain of the southern Appalachians. The expedition ran into trouble almost immediately when the mules arrived at Nashville in poor condition. A Confederate cavalry detachment swooped in and caused the mules to stampede, and it took two days to round them up.
    The first part of the expedition went well. Dodge captured Tuscumbia, and Streight continued east toward Georgia. But on April 29, Streight’s command was attacked by part of General Nathan Bedford Forrest’s cavalry. Streight’s men set a trap for the pursuing Rebels, and it worked well. The Confederate cavalry detachment, led by Captain William Forrest, brother of Nathan Bedford, found itself under fire from two sides. William Forrest was wounded, and the Federals continued on their mission.
    But now General Nathan Bedford Forrest was on Steight’s trail, and he would not let up. The Yankees were in hostile territory, and several times the Rebels received important information from local residents that allowed them to gain the upper hand. Finally, Forrest confronted the exhausted Union troops. Under a flag of truce, they discussed terms of surrender on May 3. Forrest had just 600 men, less than half of what Streight now possessed. But Forrest spread his men around the woods. As he met with Streight, couriers from nonexistent units rode up with reports. Streight took the bait, and agreed to surrender. When the Confederates finally emerged to gather the Yankee’s weaponry, the Union colonel realized that he had been had by the crafty Forrest.

    In 1895, Woodville Latham presented a demonstration of the projection of a motion picture on a screen in New York City.
    In 1898, Spanish American war begins (Remember the Maine!).
    In 1906, the San Francisco fire ends.
    In 1908, Dr. Frederick Cook reaches North Pole.
    In 1910, Mark Twain (Samuel Langhorne Clemens) died in Redding, Connecticut. His masterpieces "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" and "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" are drawn from his boyhood experiences.
    In 1918, while in pursuit of an Allied airplane over the Somme River, German flying ace Manfred von Richthofen, aka "The Red Baron," is killed by ground fire. Even though Richthofen died at the young age of 25, he had chalked up 80 victories.
    In 1930, a fire broke out inside the overcrowded Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus, killing 332 inmates.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

THE GREAT BATTLES OF WORLD WAR II
FALL OF GERMANY ‡ Allies Drive Into Heart of Reich: * * * * * * * * * * * * * U.S. INVADES OKINAWA IN LARGEST PACIFIC NAVAL OPERATION:* * * * * * * * * * * * * FALL OF GERMANY ‡ Allies Drive Into Heart of Reich: * * * * * * * * * * * * *U.S. INVADES OKINAWA IN LARGEST PACIFIC NAVAL OPERATION: * * * * * * * * * * * * *
    In 1940, the phrase "The sixty-four-dollar question" became a part of the American idiom when it was used for the first time on a radio quiz program, Take It or Leave It.
    In 1945, Soviets sign pact with Communist-led Lublin government.
    Headline: Red Army overruns German High Command as it approaches the capital
    Soviet forces fighting south of Berlin, at Zossen, assault the headquarters of the German High Command. The only remaining opposing “force” to the Russian invasion of Berlin are the “battle groups” of Hitler Youth, teenagers with anti-tank guns, strategically placed in parks and suburban streets. In a battle at Eggersdorf, 70 of these Hitler teens strove to fight off a Russian assault with a mere three anti-tank guns. They were bulldozed by Russian tanks and infantry.
    Also on this day, British Guardsman Edward Charlton wins the last Victoria Cross of the war for saving the lives of several men trapped in their tank during a battle in the German village of Wistedt. He is so badly wounded during his act of heroism that he dies shortly after being taken prisoner. A total of 182 Victoria Crosses—Britain’s highest honor for valor—were finally awarded for World War II.
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    In 1948, Secretary of Defense James V. Forrestal assigns the primary responsibility for air defense of the United States to the Air Force.
    In 1950, piloted by Navy Lt. Cmdr. R.C. Starkey, a Lockheed P2V-3C Neptune weighing 74,668 pounds becomes the heaviest aircraft ever launched from an aircraft carrier. The Neptune is flown off USS Coral Sea (CV-43).
    In 1954, U.S. Air Force planes began flying French troops to Indochina to reinforce Dien Bien Phu. The city later fell to communist Viet Minh forces.
    In 1955, "Inherit the Wind" opens 806 performance run at National Theatre, N.Y.
    In 1960, Brazil inaugurated its new capital, Brasilia, in place of Rio de Janeiro.
    In 1961, the French army revolted in Algeria.
    In 1967, in Athens, Army colonels took over the government and installed Constantine Kollias as premier.
    USSR dictator Joseph Stalin's daughter defects to US.
    In 1971, François "Papa Doc" Duvalier, president of Haiti since 1957, died. He ran the country as a tyrannical dictatorship and created a gangster militia known as the Tontons Macoutes.
    In 1972, Orbiting Astronomical Observer 4 (Copernicus) is launched.
    Apollo 16 astronauts John Young and Charles Duke explored the surface of the moon.
    In 1975, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "(Hey Won't You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song," B.J. Thomas. The song has the longest title of any No. 1 single.
    Nguyen Van Thieu resigned as president of South Vietnam after denouncing the United States as untrustworthy. His replacement, Tran Van Huong, prepared for peace talks with North Vietnam as communist forces advanced on Saigon.
    In 1976, General Motors makes very last Cadillac Eldorado convertible.
    In 1980, at the Boston Marathon, Rosie Ruiz was the first woman to cross the finish line; but she was disqualified as a fraud when officials discovered she had jumped into the race about a mile from the finish.
    In 1983, Soyuz T-8 is launched.
    In 1984, Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph.
    Dr. James Mason announced his belief that French doctors had found the AIDS virus.
    In 1986, a discovered vault in Chicago's Lexinton Hotel that was linked to Al Capone was opened during a live TV special hostd by Geraldo Rivera, the only items fouud were a few bottles and a sign.
    In 1987, the bombing of a bus terminal in Colombo, Sri Lanka, killed 127 people and wounded 288.
    In 1989, tens of thousands of people crowded into Beijing's Tiananmen Square, cheering students who waved banners demanding greater political freedoms.
    The New People's Army (NPA) assassinated Colonel James Rowe in Mania. The NPA also assassinated two US government defense contractors in September.
    In 1990, Pope John Paul II was greeted by hundreds of thousands of people as he visited Czechoslovakia to help celebrate the nation's peaceful overthrow of communist rule.
    In 1992, Robert Alton Harris became the first person executed by the state of California in 25 years. He was put to death for the 1978 murder of two teen-age boys.
    Gas explosions ripped through the historic center of Guadalajara, Mexico, killing more than 200 people and injuring hundreds more.
    In 1993, Mexican actor Mario Cantinflas Moreno, best known in the U.S. for his role in the 1956 U.S. film Around the World in 80 Days, died at age 81.
    The 11-day siege at a prison near Lucasville, Ohio, ended. 10 people died.
    In 1994, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a $28 billion get-tough-on-crime bill. Also, Pam Anderson, Washington, D.C., joined the Colonel's BBS.
    In 1995, the FBI arrested former soldier Timothy McVeigh at an Oklahoma jail where he had spent two days on minor traffic and weapons charges; he was charged in connection with the Oklahoma City bombing two days earlier.
    In 1996, Richard Boyer, Hanover, Pa., joined the Colonel's BBS.
    The Olive Tree coalition, including many former communists, won more than a third of all the seats in the lower house of the Italian parliament.
    In 1998, astronomers announced in Washington they had discovered possible signs of a new family of planets orbiting a star 220 light-years away, the clearest evidence yet of worlds forming beyond our solar system.
    In 1999, Charles "Buddy" Rogers, died at his home in Rancho Mirage, California, after enduring failing health for some time. He was 94. Rogers was one of the stars of Wings, the first movie to win a Best Picture Oscar. In this 1927 drama, directed by William Wellman, he played a small-town youth who becomes a World War I fighter pilot. The dapper, affable Rogers was born in Olathe, Kansas. He had also costarred with Mary Pickford, renowned as "America's Sweetheart," in the 1927 romantic comedy My Best Girl. They were married in 1936 and lived together until her death in l979 in Pickfair, the famous Beverly Hills home she had shared with her second husband, silent screen action hero Douglas Fairbanks Sr. An accomplished musician, Rogers was a bandleader whose signature tune was the Twelfth Street Rag.
In l986, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented him with the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in recognition of his philanthropy.
    In 2000, Cuba, (read Castro) angered by European criticism of its human rights record, called off a planned visit to Havana by senior EU officials.
    In Sinking Spring, Pennsylvania, a man chased his estranged girlfriend through town and then forced her car into the path of an oncoming train. The woman and her 3 passengers were killed.
    North Carolina researchers announced that the heart of a 66 million-year-old dinosaur was more like a mammal or bird than that of a reptile.
    The 1998 Children's Online Privacy Protection Act went into effect.
    In 2002, the so-called "Aryan Nation" rallied in York, Pennsylvania over the weekend. Please note the irony in the "Thought for the day..."
    In the city of General Santos, 14 people were killed and 69 were injured in a bomb attack on a department store. The attack was blamed on Muslim extremists.
    In 2003, North and South Korea agreed to hold Cabinet-level talks the following week.
    China announced an additional four deaths and 109 cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome, indicating SARS was continuing to spread in the country where 86 deaths and close to 2,000 cases already had been reported.
    In 2004, a series of coordinated car bombings at police buildings in Basra, Iraq, killed more than 50 people, including about 20 school children.
    In 2010, Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback Ben Roethliser was suspended for six games for violating the NFL's personal conduct policy [Commissioner Roger Goodell handed down the punishment after prosecutors decided not to bring charges in a case involving a 20-yea-old college student who'd accused Roethliser of sexual assault.]


 Thought for the day...

[This is the 04/21/2018 bulletin.]
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