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Today's quotation...
“ Shake and shake the catsup bottle.
None will come, and then a lot'll."
-- Richard Armour, [1906-89]

Autobank Anniversary

     In 1946, the first "autobank" was established by the Exchange National Bank of Chicago. This was the beginning of transacting your banking business without leaving your car.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1815, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Women’s rights leader who fought to abolish slavery during the Civil War, and was a founding member of the National Woman Suffrage Association. After graduating from Emma Willard’s Troy Female Seminary, Stanton married reformer, Henry Stanton and made sure to have the word “obey” omitted from their vows. Stanton then focused all of her time and energy on securing women the right to vote and the right to file for divorce. Stanton was a leader in the fight to have a woman suffrage amendment in the U.S. Constitution, and published a three-volume History of Woman Suffrage with Susan B. Anthony. Stanton died in 1902.
    In 1840, French sculptor Auguste Rodin born. Noted for his 1880 masterpiece "Le Penseur" ("The Thinker").
    In 1929, Grace Kelly born. Actress who went straight from Hollywood's A-List to full-fledged royalty. Kelly worked as a model while studying her craft at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts. After making her big screen debut in Fourteen Hours, Kelly starred in the classic film, High Noon (1952). Kelly soon secured a contract with MGM, and went on to give stellar performances in Rear Window (1954), Dial M for Murder (1954), To Catch a Thief (1955) and High Society in 1956. While filming To Catch a Thief on the French Riviera, Kelly began a well-publicized romance with Prince Rainier III. After becoming the Princess of Monaco, Kelly retired from filmmaking. She died in 1982.
    In 1958, Megan Mullally, Emmy award-winning actress who stars as the wickedly funny, Karen Walker, on the smashing sitcom “Will and Grace.” Mullally spent six years doing theatre productions in Chicago before making the move to Hollywood. Mullally quickly landed parts on the small screen on shows including “The Ellen Burstyn Show,” “My Life and Times,” “Ned & Stacy” (where she met current co-star, Debra Messing), “Seinfeld” and “Frasier.” Before taking on the role of Karen, Mullally enjoyed an award-winning run, opposite Matthew Broderick, in the musical revival of “How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying.”
    In 1966, actor David Schwimmer, who currently stars as the lovable, yet dimwitted Ross on the long-running series “Friends.” Schwimmer graduated from Northwestern University with a degree in Theatre, and was a founding member of Chicago’s Lookingglass Theatre Company. With Lookingglass, Schwimmer starred in productions of “Arabian Nights” and “The Master and Margarita.” Since his breakthrough success on “Friends,” Schwimmer has landed roles on the big screen in The Pallbearer (1996), Apt Pupil (1998), Six Days, Seven Nights (1998), Kissing a Fool (1998) and Hotel in 2001.

 On this day...
    In 1799, the first North American meteor shower on record took place. Early American astronomer Andrew Ellicott Douglass said, The whole heaven appeared as if illuminated with sky rockets.
    In 1833, great shower of meteors, the Leonid Meteors, recorded.
    In 1843, first B'nai Brith lodge founded in New York City.
    In 1847, Chloroform first used as an anaesthetic in Britain operation.
    In 1859, in Paris, the first flying trapeze act was performed by Jules Leotard at the Cirque Napoleon without a safety net. The body-hugging costume he used was later named after him.
    In 1864, [Civil War] The destruction of Atlanta begins
    Union General William T. Sherman orders the business district of Atlanta, Georgia,destroyed before he embarks on his famous March to the Sea.
    When Sherman captured Atlanta in early September 1864, he knew that he could not remain there for long. His tenuous supply line ran from Nashville, Tennessee, through Chattanooga, Tennesse, then one hundred miles through mountainous northern Georgia. The army he had just defeated, the Army of Tennessee, was still in the area and its leader, John Bell Hood, swung around Atlanta to try to damage Sherman’s lifeline. Of even greater concern was the Confederate cavalry of General Nathan Bedford Forrest,a brilliant commander who could strike quickly against the railroads and river transports on which Sherman relied.
    During the fall, Sherman conceived of a plan to split his enormous army. He sent part of it, commanded by General George Thomas, back toward Nashville to deal with Hood while he prepared to take the rest of the troops across Georgia. Through October, Sherman built up a massive cache of supplies in Atlanta. He then ordered a systematic destruction ofthe cityto prevent the Confederates from recovering anything once the Yankees had abandoned it. By one estimate, nearly 40 percent of the city was ruined. Sherman would apply to the same policy of destruction to the rest of Georgia as he marched to Savannah. Before leaving on November 15, Sherman’s forces had burned the industrial district of Atlanta and left little but a smoking shell.

    In 1892, the first professional football game was played in Pittsburgh, between the Allegheny Athletic Association and the Pittsburgh Athletic Club.
    In 1906, Brazilian Alberto Santos-Dumont sets the first recognized absolute speed record of 25.66 mph in the Santos-Dumont Type I4-bis at Bagatelle, France. However, this speed is slower than speeds posted by the Wright brothers in the United States.
    In 1912, a search party found the remains of British explorer Captain Robert Scott and his companions, after their ill-fated South Pole expedition. It was believed they had died in late March.
    In 1915, Theodore W. Richards, of Harvard University, became the first American to be awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
    In 1920, baseball got its first 'czar' as Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis was elected commissioner of the American and National leagues.
1927 Joseph Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union. Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party leading to Stalin coming to power.
    In 1921, Wesley May, with a five-gallon can of gasoline strapped to his back, climbs from one aircraft to another in the first "air-to-air" refueling.
    In 1927, Joseph Stalin became the undisputed ruler of the Soviet Union. Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Communist Party leading to Stalin coming to power.
    In 1933, first elections under Nazi regime held in Germany.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

THE GREAT BATTLES OF WORLD WAR II
* * * * * * * * * * * * OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING* * * * * * * * * * * * OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING * * * * * * * * * * * * *OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING* * * * * * * * * * * * * OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING
    In 1942, the World War II naval Battle of Guadalcanal began. (It ended with a major American victory over the Japanese.)
    In 1943, the island of Bougainville, in the Solomon group, had been occupied by the Japanese during the first few months of 1942. With the launching of Operation Cartwheel, the island became a primary objective of the Allied forces. The Raiders on patrol faced an estimated forty thousand Japanese troops, concentrated mainly in the southern part of the island at Buin. The Japanese also had a major installation on Buka Island, off the northern tip of Bougainville. While the Raiders and the 37th Infantry Division hacked their way through the jungle, air strikes on Buka rendered the Japanese airfield useless. The Japanese evacuated their air personnel at the end of the month.
    [National Archives and Records Administration]
    In 1944, Headline: Brits sink the battleship Tirpitz
    32 British Lancaster bombers attack and sink the mighty German battleship Tirpitz.
    In January 1942, Hitler ordered the Germany navy to base the Tirpitz in Norway, in order to attack Soviet convoys transporting supplies from Iceland to the USSR. The Tirpitz also prevented British naval forces from making their way to the Pacific. Winston Churchill summed up the situation this way: “The destruction or even crippling of this ship is the greatest event at the present time… The whole strategy of the war turns at this period on this ship…”
    Attacks had already been made against the Tirpitz. RAF raids were made against it in January 1942, but they failed to damage it. Another raid was made in March; dozens of RAF bombers sought out the Tirpitz, which was now reinforced with cruisers, pocket battleships, and destroyers. All of the British bombers, once again, missed their target.
    Sporadic attacks continued to be made against the German battleship, including an attempt in October 1942 to literally drive a two-man craft up to the ship and plant explosives on the Tirpitz‘s hull. This too failed because of brutal water conditions and an alert German defense. But in September 1943, six midget British subs set out to take the Tirpitz down for good. The midgets had to be towed to Norway by conventional subs. Only three of the six midgets made it to their target. This time, they were successful in attaching explosives to the Tirpitz‘s keel and doing enough damage to put it out of action for six months. Two British commanders and four crewmen were taken captive by the Germans and spent the rest of the war as POWs.
    But it wasn’t until November 1944 that the Tirpitz was undone permanently. As the battleship lay at anchor in Norway’s Tromso Fjord, 32 British Lancaster bombers, taking off from Scotland, attacked. Each bomber dropped a 12,000-pound Tallboy bomb and two hit their target, causing the Tirpitz to capsize, and killing almost 1,000 crewmen.
    Ironically, the mighty Tirpitz fired its guns only once in aggression during the entire extent of the war-against a British coaling station on the island of Spitsbergen.
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    In 1947, Authoress Baroness Orczy, best remembered for her novels "The Scarlet Pimpernel" and "The Elusive Pimpernel," died.
    In 1948, a war crimes tribunal in Japan passed death sentences on former prime minister General Hideki Tojo and six colleagues on charges of breaching the laws and customs of war.
    In 1954, a bitter session over the proposed motion to censure Senator Joseph R. McCarthy (R.-Wis.) was interrupted by Senator Barry Goldwater (R.-Ariz.) who rose to the defense of McCarthy and said, in part: "The new columns and the airwaves have been filled with their pious talk about 'civil liberties,' 'ethical codes,' and 'protection of the innocent,' while at the same time these people have dipped into the smut pot to discredit Senator McCarthy and his work against Communism..."
    Ellis Island closed after processing more than 20 million immigrants since opening in New York Harbor in 1892.
    In 1955, Chuck Berry is named the most promising Rhythm & Blues artist in Billboard's annual DJ's Poll.
    Fats Domino is named the favorite Rhythm & Blues artist in Billboard's annual DJ's Poll.
    In 1969, Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn was expelled from the Soviet Writers' Union for anti-social behavior.
     The U.S. army announced for the first time that it was investigating William L. Calley for the alleged massacre of civilians at the Vietnamese village of My Lai in March 1968.
    In 1970, cyclone hits East Pakistan and the Ganges Delta islands (Bangladesh); over one million dead.
    In 1972, Rudolf Friml, Czech-born U.S. composer of operettas "The Vagabond King" and "Rose Marie" as well as songs such as "The Donkey Serenade," died.
    In 1975, Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas retired because of failing health, ending a record 36 1/2-year term.
    In 1979, after Islamic students seized the U.S. embassy in Tehran on Nov 4, President Jimmy Carter announced an immediate halt to all imports of Iranian oil.
    In 1980, the U.S. space probe Voyager One came within 77,000 miles of Saturn.
    In 1981, the shuttle Columbia became the first spacecraft ever launched twice from Earth.
    In 1982, former KGB chief Yuri Andropov succeeded the late Leonid Brezhnev as general secretary of the Soviet Communist Party.
    Polish authorities freed Solidarity founder Lech Walesa after 11 months of internment.
    In 1984, Madonna releases her sophomore album, "Like A Virgin." It becomes the Material Girl's biggest album. The title track spends six weeks at No. 1 on Billboard singles chart and spawns the top 5 singles "Material Girl," "Angel" and "Dress You Up." It also launches an army of lingerie-clad pre-teen Madonna wannabes.
    In 1982, Yuri Andropov was elected First Secretary of the Soviet Communist party following the death of Leonid Brezhnev.
    In 1987, the American Medical Association issued a policy statement that said it was unethical for a doctor to refuse to treat someone solely because that person had AIDS or was HIV-positive.
    In 1988, Soviet cosmonauts Vladimir G. Titov and Musa K. Manarov break the world space endurance record as they remain on board the space station Mir for their 326th day in orbit.
    In 1990, Emperor Akihito, the 125th emperor, was enthroned in Japan, despite a series of bomb explosions across the capital by leftist radicals.
    In 1991, about 50 people were killed when Indonesian troops opened fire on protesters in the province of East Timor.
    In 1992, Volker Keith Meinhold became the first openly gay person on active duty in the American military when, armed with a court order, he reported to work at Moffett Naval Air Station in Mountain View, California, for reinstatement as a chief petty officer.
    In 1993, former Nixon White House chief of staff H.R. Haldeman died in Santa Barbara, California. He was 67.
    Pop star Michael Jackson, hounded by allegations that he had molested a teenage boy, canceled the rest of his worldwide Dangerous tour, citing an addiction to painkillers.
    In 1995, Israel's ruling Labor Party unanimously approved Shimon Peres as its new leader, replacing slain Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin.
    The space shuttle Atlantis blasted off on a mission to dock with the Russian space station Mir.
    In 1996, Cardinal Joseph Bernardin of Chicago, two days before his death, joined a friend-of-court brief petitioning the U.S. Supreme Court to reject assisted suicide.
    In 1997, two unidentified gunmen shot to death four US auditors from Union Texas Petroleum Corp. and their Pakistani driver after they drove away from the Sheraton Hotel in Karachi. The Islami Inqilabi Council, or Islamic Revolutionary Council, claimed responsibility in a call to the US Consulate in Karachi. In a letter to Pakistani newspapers the Aimal Khufia Action Committee also claimed responsibility.
    The UN Security Council imposed new sanctions on Iraq for constraints being placed on UN arms inspectors.
    Ramzi Yousef was found guilty of masterminding the 1993 bombing of the World Trade Center.
    In 1999, Sir Vivian Fuchs, British explorer who made the first surface crossing of the Antarctic, died aged 91. His crossing covered 3,473 km (2,153 miles) in 99 days, in 1957-58. President Clinton signed a sweeping measure knocking down Depression era barriers and allowing banks, investment firms and insurance companies to sell each other's products. An earthquake struck western Turkey, killing at least 834 people.
    In 2001, American Airlines flight 587 crashed just minutes after take off from Kennedy Airport in New York. The Airbus A300 crashed into the Rockaway Beach section of Queens. All 260 people aboard were killed.were killed.
    It was reported that the Northern Alliance had taken the Kabul, Afghanistan, from the ruling Taliban. The Norther Alliance at this point was reported to have control over most of the northern areas of Afghanistan.
    In 2002, a new tape surfaced from suspected terrorist mastermind Osama bin Laden in which he warned U.S. allies to be ready for the consequences of supporting Washington against his al-Qaida network.
    In 2003, the defense rested its case in the Virginia Beach, Virginia, trial of accused Washington-area sniper John Allen Muhammad after only three hours. The state is seeking the death penalty.
    Actor Art Carney, who won fame and Emmy Awards as sewer worker Ed Norton on the Honeymooners TV show in the 1950s and an Oscar in 1974 for Harry and Tonto died at age 85.
    In 2004, the Palestinian people gave their leader Yasser Arafat an emotional, chaotic farewell, disrupting official burial plans in Ramallah on the West Bank.
    In a highly publicized case, a California jury found Scott Peterson guilty of the 2002 murders of his pregnant wife, Laci, and their unborn son. Peterson was sentenced to death.
    In 2005, “non-Jordanian” suicide bombers belonging to al-Qaida in Iraq carried out Amman’s triple hotel attacks that killed at least 57 people. Marwan Muasher said the three were males and that no females were among them, replying to claims by Jordanian-born militant Abu Musab al-Zarqawi’s terror group that four Iraqis — including a husband and wife — carried out the bombings. [Hmmmm. Perhaps the 'wife' was looking for 47 male virgins.]

 Thought for the day...

[This is the 11/12/2019 bulletin.]