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11/27/2018 1354

Today's quotation...
There are many ways of going forward, but only one way of standing still.
-- Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd U.S. president [1882-1945]

San Francisco-to-Honolulu Cable Anniversary

    In 1902, the cable ship Silverton set out from San Francisco to lay the first cable from there to Honolulu. On January 1, 1903, the Silverton reached Honolulu and the cable was ready to transmit messages.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1503, Nostradamus, French astrologer and prophet, born at St. Remy, Provence, France. He published his celebrated book of prophecies "Centuries" in 1555.
    In 1546, Tycho Brahe, astronomer.
    In 1895, King George VI of England was born.
    In 1896, James H. Doolittle, An American Hero; pilot's pilot.
    In 1935, Lee Remick, leading lady of the silver screen who was referred to as “America’s answer to Brigitte Bardot.” Remick began her career on the stage and received a Tony Award nomination for her portrayal of a blind woman in a 1966 production of “Wait Until Dark." An elegant player in Steven Sondheim musicals, Remick gave acclaimed performances in “Anyone Can Whistle,” “Follies” and “A Little Night Music.” In contrast to her stage work, Remick became most famous for playing saucy temptresses on the silver screen in A Face in the Crowd (1957), The Long Hot Summer (1957) and Anatomy of a Murder (1959). Before she succumbed to her long battle with cancer in 1991, Remick appeared in the television films “Dark Holiday” (1989), “Bridge to Silence” (1989) and “Young Catherine” (1991).
    In 1946, actress Patty Duke, former child star who garnered an Academy Award for her brilliant portrayal of Helen Keller in the screen adaptation of The Miracle Worker (1962). Duke first brought the role of a young Helen Keller to life when she headlined the Broadway production. It is interesting to note that in 1979, Duke earned an Emmy Award for playing Annie Sullivan, Helen Keller’s beloved teacher, in a small screen version of the play. After winning her Oscar, Duke took on a dual role of playing identical cousins in “The Patty Duke Show” (1963-66). She then appeared on the silver screen in the cult classic Valley of the Dolls (1967) and the award winning My Sweet Charlie (1970). In the years since, Duke has co-authored the books Call Me Anna and A Brilliant Madness, which talk about living with manic-depressive illness. Duke has more recently starred on the small screen in “A Christmas Memory” (1997), “When He Didn’t Come Home” (1998) and “Little John” in 2002.
    In 1946, Pop singer Joyce Vincent-Wilson (Tony Orlando and Dawn).
    In 1948, Dee Wallace Stone, actress who rose to fame playing a clueless, yet loving mother in the Steven Spielberg classic, E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial (1982). Stone was bit by the acting bug when she was just a child, and she began her career, as many actors do, in commercials. While her passion was for acting, Stone began teaching high school English after she graduated from college. Unable to ignore her dreams ofbecoming a star, Stone continued to go out on auditions and won roles in The Stepford Wives (1975) and The Hills Have Eyes (1977). After E.T. earned Stone international attention, she went on to play maternal roles in the films Cujo (1983), “My Family Treasure” (1993), “The Perfect Mother” (1997), “Invisible Mom” (1997) and The Christmas Path in 1999.
    In 1963, Cynthia Gibb, actress who made her feature debut in Woody Allen’s Stardust Memories (1980). Although Gibb enjoyed gracing the pages of fashion magazines while she was in high school, she decided to pursue an acting career after graduation. Cynthia was quickly cast on the series “Search for Tomorrow” (1981-83), but it was her role as an aspiring actress/dancer on “Fame” that made her a star. When her stint on “Fame” ended in 1986, Gibb made the leap to the silver screen to appear opposite Rob Lowe in the hockey flick Youngblood. After playing a murder victim in Oliver Stone’s Salvador, Gibb gave a moving performance in the title role of The Karen Carpenter Story. In more recent years, Gibb enjoyed a recurring role on the mystery series “Diagnosis Murder,” and she has starred in the television movies “Holiday Affair” (1996), “High Stakes” (1997), “Love-Struck” (1997), and "A Crime of Passion" in 2003.
    In 1980, Jen Crooks, Hanover, Pa., friend of the Colonel's BBS.
 On this day...
    In 1542, Mary Queen of Scots ascends to throne of Scotland on death of James V; she is only 7 days old.
    In 1798, David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents machine for making screws.
    In 1799, George Washington died at Mt. Vernon, Virginia. He was the first president of the United States (1789-1797) and showed his leadership in America's War of Independence. He died at home at the age of 67.
    In 1819, Alabama becomes the 22nd state
    In 1861, Prince Albert, consort and husband of Queen Victoria of England, died of typhoid at Windsor Castle. The grief-stricken queen went into a long period of mourning.
    In 1863,[Civil War] Lincoln pardons his sister-in-law
    President Abraham Lincoln announces a grant of amnesty forEmilie Todd Helm, his wife Mary Lincoln’s half sister and the widow of a Confederate general. The pardon was one of the first under Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which he had announced less than a week before. The plan was the president’s blueprint for the reintegration of the South into the Union. Part of the plan allowed for former Confederates to be granted amnesty if they took an oath to the United States. The option was open to all but the highest officials of the Confederacy.
    Emilie Todd Helm was the wife of Benjamin Helm, who, like the Lincolns, was a Kentucky native.The presidentwas said to be an admirer of Helm, a West Point and Harvard graduate. Lincoln had offered Helm a position in the U.S. Army, but Helm opted to join the Confederates instead. Helm led a group of Kentuckians known as the Orphan Brigade, since they could not return to their Union-held native state during the war. Helm was killed at the Battle of Chickamauga in September 1863.
    After her husband’s death, Helm made her way through Union lines to Washington, D.C. She stayed in the White House and the Lincolns tried to keep her visit a secret. General Daniel Sickles, who had been wounded at the Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania,five months prior, told Lincoln that he should not have a Rebel in his house. Lincoln replied, “General Sickles, my wife and I are in the habit of choosing our own guests. We do not need from our friends either advice or assistance in the matter.” After Lincoln granted her pardon, Emilie Helm returned to Kentucky.

    In 1900, Max Planck first published his Quantum Theory -- that radiant energy comes in small indivisible packets and was not continuous as previously thought.
    In 1902, first message sent by cable across the Pacific Ocean from San Francisco to Honolulu.
    In 1910, a gift of $10 million from Andrew Carnegie established The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. The purpose of the new organization was to work toward international peace through research, publications, and other educational activities.
    In 1911, South Pole first reached by Roald Amundsen. Amundsen and his three companions became the first to reach the South Pole - 35 days ahead of Captain Scott.
    In 1918, women first vote in British national election.
    In 1920, the first fatalities on a scheduled passenger flight occurred when an aircraft crashed into a house killing the two-person crew and two passengers at Cricklewood, London.
    In 1926, ...
Herbert Sellner, a woodworker and maker of water slides, invented the Tilt-A-Whirl, at his Faribault, Minnesota, home. Over the next year, the first 14 Tilt-A-Whirls were built in Herbert's basement and yard. In 1927, Sellner Manufacturing opened its factory in Faribault, and the ride debuted that year at the Minnesota State Fair.

-- Info from Answer.Com
08:23 12/14/2007
    In 1936, the delightful play by Moss Hart and George S. Kaufman, You Can't Take It with You, opened for a long run at the Booth Theatre in New York.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

    On this day in 1939, the League of Nations, the international peacekeeping organization formed at the end of World War I, expels the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in response to the Soviets’ invasion of Finland on October 30.
    Although the League of Nations was more or less the brainchild of President Woodrow Wilson, the United States, which was to have sat on the Executive Council, never joined. Isolationists in the Senate–put off by America’s intervention in World War I, which they felt was more of a European civil war than a true world war–prevented American participation. While the League was born with the exalted mission of preventing another “Great War,” it proved ineffectual, being unable to protect China from a Japanese invasion or Ethiopia from an Italian one. The League was also useless in reacting to German remilitarization, which was a violation of the Treaty of Versailles, the document that formally set the peace terms for the end of World War I.
    Germany and Japan voluntarily withdrew from the League in 1933, and Italy left in 1937. The true imperial designs of the Soviet Union soon became apparent with its occupation of eastern Poland in September of 1939, ostensibly with the intention of protecting Russian “blood brothers,” Ukrainians and Byelorussians, who were supposedly menaced by the Poles. Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia were then terrorized into signing “mutual assistance” pacts, primarily one-sided agreements that gave the USSR air and naval bases in those countries. But the invasion of Finland, where no provocation or pact could credibly be adduced to justify the aggression, resulted in worldwide reaction. President Roosevelt, although an “ally” of the USSR, condemned the invasion, causing the Soviets to withdraw from the New York World’s Fair. And finally, the League of Nations, drawing almost its last breath, expelled it.
    In 1943, during the summer of 1943, the Japanese had withdrawn from the central Solomons to the Island of Bougainville. American troops, under Vice Admiral William Halsey and Lieutenant General Alexander Vandergrift, invaded the island on November 1 and faced a Japanese force estimated at forty thousand. The Americans were able to establish a firm hold at Cape Torokina, far to the north of the Japanese garrison, and build airstrips over the next months. By the end of the year, American forces on the island matched the Japanese forces, and four airstrips served American aircraft that attacked the Japanese base at Rabaul, New Britain, with daily bombardments.
    [National Archives and Records Administration]
12/14/2017 1714
    In 1946, the U.N. General Assembly voted to establish the United Nation's headquarters in New York.
    In 1947, Stanley Baldwin, who served three terms as British prime minister, died. He headed the government during the general strike of 1926 and the abdication crisis of 1936.
    In 1948, Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip announce name of first son: Charles Philip Arthur George.
    In 1962, NASA's Mariner II satellite scans the surface of Venus for thirty-five minutes as it flies past the planet at a distance 2,642 miles.
    In 1963, Dinah Washington dies of a drug overdose at the age of 39. The jazz and blues vocalist has 34 top 10 hits on Billboard's Rhythm and Blue charts. Her biggest hit is "Baby (You've Got What It Takes)," a 1960 duet with Brook Benton that tops the R&B chart for 10 weeks.
    In 1964, US Air Force flies the first Barrel Roll armed reconnaissance mission in Laos.
    In 1970, the former World Trade Center topped out at 110 stories in N.Y. (Since 2001, remembering 9/11 24/7!)
    In 1972, Apollo 17 astronauts Harrison Schmitt an Eugene Cernan concluded their third and final moonwalk and blasted off for their rendezvous with the command module.
    In 1980, fans around the world paid tribute to John Lennon, six days after he was shot to death in New York City.
    In 1981, Israel annexed the Golan Heights, which it had seized from Syria in 1967.

    In 1984, Grumman pilot Chuck Sewell makes the first flight of the X-29A forward-swept wing demonstrator at Edwards AFB. The X-29s, two of the most unusual aircraft ever built, are designed to prove the aerodynamic benefits of wings that appear to have been put on backwards.
    In 1985, Wilma Mankiller became the first woman to lead a major American Indian tribe as she formally took office as principal chief of the Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma.
    In 1986, the experimental aircraft "Voyager," flown by Dick Rutan and Jeanna Yeager, took off from Edwards Air Force Base in California on the first non-stop, non-refueled flight around the world.
    In 1987, Chrysler pled no contest to federal charges of selling several thousand vehicles as new. Chrysler employees had driven the vehicles with the odometer disconnected.
    In 1988 President Reagan authorized the U.S. to enter into a "substantive dialogue" with the Palestine Liberation Organization, after chairman Yasser Arafat said he was renouncing "all forms of terrorism."
    In 1989, Nobel Peace laureate Andrei D. Sakharov died in Moscow at age 68. Military Aircraft Command approves a policy change that will allow female aircrew members to serve on C-130 and C-141 airdrop missions.     In 1993, the European Union established diplomatic relations with South Africa, putting the final touch to a new policy of cooperation after years of isolation.
    In 1994, a federal judge granted a preliminary injunction blocking almost all of Proposition 187's bans affecting illegal immigrants in California. Former Arkansas Governor Orval E. Faubus, whose refusal to let nine black students into Little Rock's Central High School in 1957 forced President Eisenhower to send in federal troops, died at age 84.
    In 1995, the presidents of Bosnia, Herzegovina, Serbia and Croatia signed the Dayton Accords to end fighting in Bosnia.
     AIDS patient, Jeff Getty, received the first-ever bone-marrow transplant from a baboon.
    In 1997, comic actor Stubby Kaye, who endeared himself to movie and theater audiences as the gambler Nicely-Nicely in the stage and film versions of "Guys and Dolls," died aged 79.
    In 1998, President Clinton stood witness as hundreds of Palestinian leaders renounce a call for the destruction of Israel.
    In 1999, Charles M. Schulz announced he was retiring the "Peanuts" comic strip. The last original "Peanuts" comic strip was published on February 13, 2000.
    In 2000, it was announced that American businessman Edmond Pope would be released from a Russian prison for humanitarian reasons. Pope had been sentenced to 20 years in prison after his conviction on espionage charges.
    In 2001, the first commercial export, since 1963, of U.S. food to Cuba began. The 24,000 metric tons for corn were being sent to replenish supplies that were lost when Hurricane Michelle struck on November 4.
     European Union leaders agreed to dispatch 3,000-4,000 troops to join an international peacekeeping force inAfghanistan.
    In 2003, Jeanne Crain, the winsome beauty who starred in lightweight 1940s romances and comedies and won an Academy Award nomination as the black girl passing for white in the controversial "Pinky," died. Miss Crain died of a heart attack at her Santa Barbara, California, home. She was 78.

    In 2004, Inauguration: The Millau Viaduct ... is a cable-stayed road-bridge that spans the valley of the river Tarn near Millau in southern France. Designed by the French structural engineer Michel Virlogeux and British architect Norman Foster, it is the tallest bridge in the world ... The viaduct is part of the A75-A71 autoroute axis from Paris to Montpellier... It was formally dedicated on 14 December 2004, inaugurated on the 15th, and opened to traffic on the 16th....
Excerpted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    In 2006, a British police inquiry concluded that the deaths of Princess Diana and here boyfriend, Dodi Fayed, in a 1997 Paris car crash were a "tragic accident," and that allegations of a murder conspiracy were unfounded.
    In 2007, a Ukraine farmer awaiting confirmation as the world's oldest man died at the age of 116 at his farm home in western Ukraine. Hryhoriy Nestor, died in his sleep and friends and relatives held a small and simple ceremony Saturday, December 16.
    In 2012, Headline: 20 children among 28 dead in Connecticut shooting
        At 9:40 a.m., shots at Sandy Hook Elementary School were reported to the Connecticut State Police. State troopers as well as FBI and Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms agents, immediately rushed to the school, where they discovered 27 dead, including the gunman. Twenty of the slain were children.
        Authorities identified the shooter as a 20-year-old, whose mother worked as a kindergarten teacher at Sandy Hook. Her body was found at home, where the shooter killed her before he drove to Sandy Hook Elementary.
        -- Excerpt from the York Daily Record, York, PA, 12.15.2012
    In 2013,
Actor Peter O'Toole, who shot to international fame in the blockbuster movie "Lawrence of Arabia," died at age 81 in London after a long illness. [Photos and Biographics on WikiPedia recommended by the Old Kunnel.]

 Thought for the day...

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