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Today's quotation...
    Peter's Theory of Motivation: The three primary motivations are love, power, and achievement, except for those motivated only by the love of power and achievement.

First Streetcar Day

    On November 14, 1832, the first streetcar in the world made its appearance on the streets of New York. Actually, New Yorkers referred to the new conveyance as a "horse car," because the car was drawn by two horses on tracks laid on Fourth Avenue between Prince and Fourteenth streets. A total of 30 people could be accommodated in the 3 compartments of each car.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1840, French artist Claude Monet, Impressionist painter whose most renowned abstract work, "Water Lilies," continues to be a popular print in homes and galleries across the globe. Monet met his mentor, Eugene Boudin, while he was studying at Le Havre, and Boudin opened Monet’s eyes to the beauty of nature. Monet began painting outdoors as he dedicated himself to depicting the vibrant colors of nature on canvas. While his paintings were rejected at many exhibitions, Monet and fellow artists, Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley began what is now known as the Impressionist Movement. Later in life, Monet devoted much of his time to gardening, and his water landscape series, which began with the Japanese Footbridge and ended with the Water Lily Pool, was inspired by his time in the garden.
    In 1891, Sir Frederick Grant Banting KBE MC FRS FRSC (November 14, 1891 – February 21, 1941) was a Canadian medical scientist, physician, painter, and Nobel laureate noted as the first person to use insulin on humans.
     In 1923 Banting and John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine.[3] Banting shared the award money with his colleague, Dr. Charles Best. As of November 2016, Banting, who received the Nobel Prize at age 32, remains the youngest Nobel laureate in the area of Physiology/Medicine.[4] In 1923 the Canadian government granted Banting a lifetime annuity to continue his work. In 1934 he was knighted by King George V.
    In 1900, Aaron Copeland, one of America's leading 20th century composers, was born in New York City.
    In 1909, Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator who made history when he announced that the U.S. State Department had been infiltrated by approximately 205 Communists. McCarthy earned his law degree at Marquette University and worked as a judge in his home state of Wisconsin from 1940-42. After serving his country in World War II, he was elected to the United States senate in 1947. It was on February 9, 1950 that McCarthy gave his fateful speech that brought the threat of communism to capitol hill. Due to the height of the cold war, McCarthy received a lot of media coverage, and he even went so far as to implicate President Eisenhower in his Communist conspiracy. In 1954, the Senate formally censured McCarthy for his conduct, and he died three years later.
    In 1921, Brian Keith, who made his feature debut at the tender age of three in Pied Piper Malone (1924). While he started making pictures at an early age, Keith did not appear in another film until after he finished serving as an aerial gunner with the Marines from 1942-45. After his discharge, Keith starred on the Broadway stage in “Mister Roberts,” “Darkness at Noon” and “Da.” Returning once again to the silver screen, Keith gave acclaimed performances in Arrowhead (1953), The Parent Trap (1961), Those Calloways (1964), Reflections in a Golden Eye (1967) and The Wind and The Lion (1975). Keith has played in National Lampoon’s Favorite Deadly Sins (1996), Rough Riders (1997) and Follow Your Heart in 1998.
    In 1948, Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and heir to the British throne, was born in Buckingham Palace, London.
    In 1961, Laura San Giacomo, who currently stars as feminist journalist, Maya Gallo, on the hit sitcom “Just Shoot Me.” San Giacomo made her big screen debut in the independent film Sex, Lies and Videotape (1989), and garnered the New Generation Award from the Los Angeles Film Critics Association for her performance. She next played Julia Roberts’ best friend in the blockbuster smash Pretty Woman (1990), and went on to star in Vital Signs (1990), Under Suspicion (1991) and Stuart Saves His Family (1995) before joining the cast of “Just Shoot Me.” San Giacomo has starred on the silver screen in The Apocalypse (1997) and Suicide Kings (1998).

 On this day...
    In 1770, James Bruce discovers the source of the Nile.
    In 1832, first horse-drawn streetcar goes into service in New York City.
    In 1851, Moby Dick by Herman Melville was published in New York.
    In 1862, [Civil War] Lincoln approves Burnside’s plan
    President Abraham Lincoln approves of General Ambrose Burnside’s plan to capture the Confederate capital at Richmond, Virginia. This was an ill-fated move, as it led to the disastrous Battle of Fredericksburg in Virginiain December 1862, in which the Army of the Potomac was dealt one of its worst defeats at the hands of Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia.
    Lincoln approved Burnside’s plan just five days after Burnside assumed command of the army. The general had replaced George McClellan, who led the force for more than a year. McClellan’s tenure was marked by sharp disagreements with the administration and sluggishness in the field. Although McClellan was successful against Lee at the Battle of Antietam in Maryland on September 17, 1862, Lincoln removed him from command because of McClellan’s reluctance to attack the Confederate army in Virginia.
    After McClellan was removed, Burnside stepped up to take his shot at Lee. His plan called for the Army of the Potomac to move some 40 miles to Fredericksburg on the Rappahannock River. From there, his troops would advance south to the Confederate capital of Richmond. Lincoln appreciated the fact that Burnside’s plan protected Washington, D.C. In spring 1862, McClellan had sailed the army down the Chesapeake Bay and landed it on the James Peninsula for an attempt on Richmond, a move that left the Union capital dangerously exposed. However, Lincoln and general in chief Henry Halleck were concerned that Burnside was focused solely on capturing Richmond; they believed that the goal should be to destroy Lee’s army. However, Burnside’s plan was an improvement over McClellan’s operations.
    Lincoln approved the plan but warned Burnside that action needed to be taken quickly. By early December, Burnside had the army in motion. When the Yankees reached Fredericksburg, however, they experienced delays in crossing the Rappahannock, which allowed Lee to move his forces into place above the city. On December 13, Burnside made a series of doomed attacks and the Army of the Potomac suffered one of the most costly and demoralizing defeats of the war.

    In 1881, the trial of Charles Guiteau began for the murder of President James Garfield. Guiteau was convicted and hanged.
    In 1889, journalist Nellie Bly left New York to try to beat the fictional record of Phileas Fogg in "Around the World in Eighty Days." She did it in 72 days, 6 hours, 11 minutes, 14 seconds.
    In 1921, Amelita Galli-Curci makes N.Y. debut in "La Traviata" at the Metropolitan opera.
     Doctors Frederic Banting and Charles H. Best announce discovery of insulin.
    In 1922, the British Broadcasting Corporation began its domestic radio service.
    In 1935, President Franklin Roosevelt proclaimed the Philippine Island a free commonwealth.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

THE GREAT BATTLES OF WORLD WAR II
* * * * * * * * * * * * OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING* * * * * * * * * * * * OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING * * * * * * * * * * * * *OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING* * * * * * * * * * * * * OPERATION TOURCH/N.AFRICA * IKE LEADS 60,000 TROOPS IN N. AFRICA LANDING
    In 1939, although experiments with hovering aircraft had been going on since 1900, the first successful helicopter, Igor Sikorsky's VS-300, made its first flight.
    In 1940, Headline: Germans Bomb Coventry
    German bombers devastate the English city of Coventry, demolishing tens of thousands of buildings and killing hundreds of men, women, and children. The verb “Koventrieren” (to Coventrate) passed into the German language, meaning “to annihilate or reduce to rubble.”
    On November 8, Adolf Hitler had to move up his scheduled speech in Munich on the anniversary of his 1923 attempted coup in Bavaria because British bombers were on their way to take out a railway yard. Hitler was determined to avenge this audacious offensive. The Fuhrer let his bomber pilots know that he was not “willing to let an attack on the capital of the Nazi movement go unpunished.”
    And so, on this day, almost 500 German bombers unleashed some 150,000 incendiary bombs and more than 500 tons of high explosives on the British industrial city, taking out 27 war factories. Of the 568 people killed, more than 400 were burned so badly they could not be identified. Among the more than 60,000 buildings destroyed or severely damaged was St. Michael’s Cathedral.
    Congress passes first peace time draft law.
    In 1940, Cary Grant stars in Hitchcock’s Suspicion
    Suspicion, a romantic thriller starring Cary Grant and Joan Fontaine and directed by Alfred Hitchcock, makes its debut. The film, which earned a Best Picture Academy Award nomination and a Best Actress Oscar for Fontaine, marked the first time that Grant, one of Hollywood’s quintessential leading men, and Hitchcock, one of the greatest directors in movie history, worked together. The two would later collaborate on Notorious, To Catch a Thief and North by Northwest.
    Grant was born Archibald Alexander Leach on January 18, 1904, in Bristol, England. He made his big-screen debut in 1932’s This is the Night and had his first hit movie with the 1937 comedy Topper. Grant went on to develop his suave, sophisticated leading-man image with starring performances in a long string of successful comedies and dramas, including The Awful Truth (1937), with Irene Dunne; Bringing Up Baby (1938), with Katharine Hepburn; Only Angels Have Wings (1939), with Jean Arthur; Gunga Din (1939), with Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Victor McLaglen; His Girl Friday (1940), with Rosalind Russell, and the Oscar-nominated The Philadelphia Story (1940), with Hepburn and James Stewart.
    In 1946’s Notorious, Grant’s second film with Alfred Hitchcock, the actor co-starred alongside Ingrid Bergman as American agents who infiltrate a post-World War II spy ring. In Hitchcock’s To Catch a Thief (1955), Grant co-starred with Grace Kelly and played a retired jewel thief on the French Riviera. In his final Hitchcock film, 1959’s North by Northwest, which co-starred Eva St. Marie, Grant portrayed a businessman who is mistaken by enemy spies as an American undercover agent. Grant retired from moviemaking in 1966 after filming Walk, Don’t Run (1966). He died on November 29, 1986, at age 82.
    Alfred Hitchcock, born August 13, 1899, in London, began directing movies in Great Britain in the 1920s. His early hits include The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1938). Hitchcock began making movies in Hollywood in the 1940s, including Rebecca (1940), Lifeboat (1944) and Spellbound (1945), each of which earned him a Best Director Oscar nomination. Known as the “Master of Suspense,” Hitchcock also helmed such thrillers as Strangers on a Train (1951), Rear Window (1954), which earned him a fourth Best Director Oscar nomination; Vertigo (1958); Psycho (1960), for which he received his fifth Best Director Oscar nomination; and The Birds (1961). His final film was 1976’s Family Plot. Hitchcock died on April 29, 1980, at age 80, in Los Angeles.
    In 1943, while the military relied on motor vehicles and cargo planes in addition to trains, the railroads carried more supplies and troops than any other conveyance. Having suffered during the Great Depression, railroad companies began laying new track and building new train cars at a rate so fast that by 1943 they carried 97 percent of all troops and 90 percent of all military supplies and materials in the country. Throughout the war, the railroads turned out 168,000 new fright cars, 2,800 troop and kitchen cars, and 2,907 locomotives. This surge of activity caused a dire labor shortage for the railroads, which claimed they needed a hundred thousand more workers.
    [National Archives and Records Administration]
    In 1944, a Douglas A-20 was the first successful flight into the eye of a hurricane.
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    In 1950, John Van Druten's "Bell Book and Candle" opens on Broadway at the Barrymore Theatre.
    In 1956, Budapest uprising. [The Ol'Kunnel was stationed in Rome, Italy, at the time and seriously thought he might be sent into Hungary to help.]
    In 1961, the Elvis Presley film 'Blue Hawaii' premieres.
    In 1969, through November 17, Apollo 12 is hit by lightning on liftoff, but Cmdrs. Charles Conrad Jr. and Alan L. Bean, make the second manned lunar landing with pinpoint accuracy.
     During the Vietnam War, Major General Bruno Arthur Hochmuth, commander of the Third Marine Division, became the first general to be killed in Vietnam by enemy fire.
    In 1972, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "I Can See Clearly Now," Johnny Nash.
    In 1973, Britain's Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips were married in Westminster Abbey. They divorced in 1992, and Princess Anne re-married.
     The US ends its major airlift to Israel. In a 32-day operation during the Yom Kippur War, Military Airlift Command airlifts 22,318 tons of supplies.

    The first production F-15A Eagle is delivered to the Air Force at Luke AFB, Arizona.

    In 1979, U.S. President Jimmy Carter froze Iranian government assets held in American banks, following the seizure of the U.S. embassy in Tehran.
    In 1982, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Up Where We Belong," Joe Cocker and Jennifer Warnes. The single wins an Oscar as the theme of "An Officer and a Gentleman."
    In 1986, $100,000,000 record fine paid by Ivan F. Boesky to SEC who agrees to plead guilty of insider trading.
    In 1987, tn the lobby of Beirut's American University Hospital a bomb hidden in a box of chocolates exploded. Seven people were killed including the woman carrying the box.
    In 1988, Picasso's "Maternite" sold for record $24.7 million in New York.
    In 1989, the U.S. Navy ordered an unprecedented 48-hour stand-down in the wake of a recent string of serious accidents.
    In 1990, Greta Garbo's Renoir paintings 'Edmond' and 'Leontine and Coco Reading' sell for $7 and $5.7 million in NY.
    In 1991, the United States and Britain accused two Libyans of blowing a Pan Am jumbo jet out of the sky over Lockerbie, Scotland in December 1988, killing 270 people.
    In 1994, the first fare-paying passengers on the new rail service traveled through the Channel Tunnel linking England and France.
    In 1998, President Bill Clinton halted a planned bombing attack on Iraq with only one hour to spare when Baghdad offered to resume U.N. arms inspections.
     Carmen Electra and Dennis Rodman were married in Las Vegas, Nevada.
    In 1999, U.N. sanctions against Afghanistan went into force, imposed for Kabul's failure to hand over Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden, alleged by Washington to have master-minded bombings of U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania.
    In 2006, state officials closed the last two of Texas’ famed Pig Stand restaurants, the only remaining pieces of the nation’s first drive-in restaurant empire. The restaurants’ owners were bankrupt, and they owed the Texas comptroller more than $200,000 in unpaid sales taxes.
    A Dallas entrepreneur named Jessie G. Kirby built the first Pig Stand along the Dallas-Fort Worth Highway in October 1921. It was a roadside barbecue restaurant unlike any other: Its patrons could drive up, eat and leave, all without budging from their automobiles.
    In 2016, ...
    A Supemoon will occur tonight at 6:00 p.m. The last occurence was on January 26, 1948. As the next occurence will be November 25, 2034, this will be the only one seen in most of our life time. Watch and wonder.
    From an article in the November 2016 Old Farmer's Almanac.
    A supermoon is the coincidence of a full moon or a new moon with the closest approach the Moon makes to the Earth on its elliptical orbit, resulting in the largest apparent size of the lunar disk as seen from Earth. The technical name is the perigee-syzygy of the Earth-Moon-Sun system. The term "supermoon" is not astronomical, but originated in modern astrology. The association of the Moon with both oceanic and crustal tides has led to claims that the supermoon phenomenon may be associated with increased risk of events such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, but the evidence of such a link is widely held to be unconvincing.
     Info gleaned from WikiPedia, the FREE web encyclopedia.
    Gwendolyn L. "Gwen" Ifill (September 29, 1955 – November 14, 2016) was an American Peabody Award-winning journalist, television newscaster, and author. In 1999, she became the first African American woman to host a nationally televised U.S. public affairs program with Washington Week in Review. She was the moderator and managing editor of Washington Week and co-anchor and co-managing editor, with Judy Woodruff, of PBS NewsHour, both of which air on PBS. Ifill was a political analyst and moderated the 2004 and 2008 American vice-presidential debates. She authored the best-selling book “The Breakthrough: Politics and Race in the Age of Obama.” [The Old Kunnel never missed watching PBS Friday nights at 8:00 P.M. Miss Ifill will be missed.]
1529 11/22/2016

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