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Today's quotation...
"I call everyone darling, because I can't remember their names." -- Zsa Zsa Gabor, [1917-2016]

First Typwriter Day
There were many different attempts to produce a mechanical writing machine, but the first one to be commercially successful was invented by Christopher Latham Sholes (1819-1890).

He was an American engineer who, together with SW Soule and G Glidden, invented the first typewriter that was later commercially manufactured by Remington, then a sewing machine company. Their first machine was made in 1866, but the keys jammed easily. To solve this problem they followed the suggestion of a business colleague, James Densmore, who suggested separating the more common letters so that people would have to type more slowly. This was how, in 1868, our QWERTY keyboard originated.


Information excerpted from

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1839, Gustavus Franklin Swift, founder of Swift and Co.
    In 1895, Boxer Jack Dempsey born. He was world heavyweight champion from July 1919, when he knocked out Jess Willard, to September 1926, when he lost on points to Gene Tunney.
    In 1842, Ambrose Bierce, satirist.
    In 1904, U.S. bandleader Phil Harris born; he achieved stardom providing voices for Disney cartoons notably "The Jungle Book."
    In 1915, Fred Hoyle, cosmologist, proposed steady-state universe theory.
    In 1916, John Ciardi, poet, critic, translator of Dante.
    In 1923, Comedian Jack Carter.
    In 1932, David McTaggart, cofounder of Greenpeace.
    In 1942, Actress Michele Lee.
    In 1945, New York Gov. George Pataki.

 On this day...
    In 1314, Battle of Bannockburn; Scotland regains independence from England.
    In 1340, Battle of Sluys-English fleet defeats French (First major engagement of 100 years war).
    In 1441, Eton College founded by Henry VI.
    In 1497, John Cabot claims eastern Canada for England.
    In 1509, Henry VIII becomes King of England.
    In 1664, New Jersey, named after the Isle of Jersey, was founded.
    In 1675, King Philip's War begins. Colonists at Plymouth massacred by Indians under Wampanoag leader Philip.
    In 1812, Napoleon invades Russia.
    In 1817, first coffee planted in Hawaii, on the Kona coast. (Kona coffee is now the only coffee grown in the USA.)
    In 1859, Austria defeated by France and Sardinia in Battle of Solferino. 14,000 killed/wounded.
    In 1860, the Secret Service was created by an Act of Congress.
    In 1862, [Civil War] Lee confers with his generals before the Seven Days’ Battles
    Confederate General Robert E. Lee meets with his corps commanders to plot an attack on General George McClellan’s Army of the Potomac. Launched on June 26, the attack would break the stalemate of the Peninsular campaign in Virginia and trigger the Seven Days’ Battles.
    McClellan had spent two months shipping his army down the Chesapeake to the James Peninsula for a run at the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Despite having a larger number of troops, McClellan moved slowly and timidly, and his advance stalled on June 1, less than 10 miles from Richmond. For the next three weeks, McClellan’s and Lee’s armies faced off, but little fighting occurred.
    Now Lee sought to seize the initiative. He summoned his generals for a council on June 23. Included in the meeting was General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, fresh off his highly successful Shenandoah Valley campaign. Jackson was traveling ahead of his army, which was still marching back from western Virginia.
    Lee announced to his commanders that the time had come to attack the Yankee invaders. Lee planned an assault on the Union right flank, which was separated from the rest of the Yankee army by the Chickahominy River. Plans were made for the Battle of Mechanicsville, Virginia, on June 26, and Jackson rode back to his troops. The stage was set for the Seven Days’ Battles.

    In 1868, a Wisconsin journalist and state senator, Christopher Latham Sholes, received a patent for his "Type Writer." THE MACHINE HAD CAPITAL LETTERS ONLY.
    In 1869, Mary Ellen "Mammy" Pleasant officially became the Voodoo Queen in San Francisco, California.
    In 1881, first photograph taken of a comet by A.A. Common in England and H. Draper in USA.
    In 1896, Booker T. Washington became the first African American to receive an honorary Master of Arts degree from Howard University.
    In 1901, the first exhibition by the 19-year-old Pablo Picasso opened in Paris to high critical acclaim.
    In 1908, Grover Cleveland, twice U.S. president (1885-89 and 1893-97), died. He was 71.
    In 1916, the First Battle of the Somme began. It lasted five months and the death toll of over one million was for the sake of an allied advance of 125 square miles.
    In 1922, the American Professional Football Association took the name of The National Football League.
    In 1930, first radar detection of aircraft, at Anacostia, DC.
    In 1931, aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty took off from New York on a round-the-world flight that lasted eight days and 15 hours.
    In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Authority was established.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

* * * * * * * * * * * * D-DAY * IKE: ALLIED TROOPS LAND ON FRENCH COAST * * * * * * * * * * * * D-DAY * IKE: ALLIED TROOPS LAND ON FRENCH COAST * * * * * * * * * * * * * D-DAY * IKE: ALLIED TROOPS LAND ON FRENCH COAST * * * * * * * * * * * * * D-DAY * IKE: ALLIED TROOPS LAND ON FRENCH COAST * * * * * * * * * * * * *
    In 1940, Headline: Hitler takes a tour of Paris
    Adolf Hitler surveys notable sites in the French capital, now German-occupied territory.
    In his first and only visit to Paris, Hitler made Napoleon’s tomb among the sites to see. “That was the greatest and finest moment of my life,” he said upon leaving. Comparisons between the Fuhrer and Napoleon have been made many times: They were both foreigners to the countries they ruled (Napoleon was Italian, Hitler was Austrian); both planned invasions of Russia while preparing invasions of England; both captured the Russian city of Vilna on June 24; both had photographic memories; both were under 5 feet 9 inches tall, among other coincidences.
    As a tribute to the French emperor, Hitler ordered that the remains of Napoleon’s son be moved from Vienna to lie beside his father.
    But Hitler being Hitler, he came to do more than gawk at the tourist attractions. He ordered the destruction of two World War I monuments: one to General Charles Mangin, a French war hero, and one to Edith Cavell, a British nurse who was executed by a German firing squad for helping Allied soldiers escape German-occupied Brussels. The last thing Hitler wanted were such visible reminders of past German defeat.
    Hitler would gush about Paris for months afterward. He was so impressed, he ordered architect and friend Albert Speer to revive plans for a massive construction program of new public buildings in Berlin, an attempt to destroy Paris, not with bombs, but with superior architecture. “Wasn’t Paris beautiful?” Hitler asked Speer. “But Berlin must be far more beautiful. [W]hen we are finished in Berlin, Paris will only be a shadow.”
Paris? Yes! Bertlin? No!
    In 1941, Hungary and Slovakia declare war on the USSR.
    In 1944, U.S. and Britain recognize Bolivian government.
    Republican Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, is first to be televised. Wendell Wilkie nominated.
    Headline: Tornadoes hit West Virginia and Pennsylvania
    A spate of tornadoes across West Virginia and Pennsylvania kills more than 150 people on this day in 1944. Most of the twisters were classified as F3, but the most deadly one was an F4 on the Fujita scale, meaning it was a devastating tornado, with winds in excess of 207 mph.
    It was a very hot afternoon when atmospheric conditions suddenly changed and the tornadoes began in Maryland. At about 5:30 p.m., an F3 tornado (with winds between 158 and 206 mph) struck in western Pennsylvania and killed two people. Forty-five minutes later, a very large twister began in West Virginia, moved into Pennsylvania, and then tracked back to West Virginia. By the time this F4 tornado ended, it had killed 151 people and leveled hundreds of homes.
    Another tornado that afternoon struck at a YMCA camp in Washington, Pennsylvania. A letter written by a camper was later found 100 miles away. Coal-mining towns in the area were also hit hard on June 23. There were some reports that a couple of tornadoes actually crossed the Appalachian mountain range, going up one side and coming down the other.
    This remarkable series of twisters finally ended at 10 p.m., when the last one hit in Tucker County, West Virginia. In all, the storms caused the destruction of thousands of structures and millions of dollars in damages.
    In 1945, San Francisco: Big Four to admit Poland to U.N.
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    In 1947, an American pilot reported seeing strange objects in the sky looking like "saucers skipping across the water." This incident led to the first use of the term "flying saucers."
    In 1948, Russian blockade of Berlin begins. Stalin stops West's access and a huge airlift of vital supplies begin.
    In 1949, Cargo airlines first licensed by US Civil Aeronautics Board. Hopalong Cassidy becomes first network western.
    In 1953, John F. Kennedy and Jacqueline Bouvier announced their engagement.
    In 1956, Colonel Gamal Abdul Nasser elected president of Egypt.
    In 1961, an international treaty was signed for scientific cooperation and the peaceful use of the Antarctic.
    In 1963, first demonstration of home video recorder, BBC Studios, London.
    In 1964, the Federal Trade Commission announced that starting in 1965, cigarette manufactures would be required to include warnings on their packaging about the harmful effects of smoking. The Old Kunnel had given up smoking since December, 1962.
    In 1968, "Resurrection City," a shantytown constructed as part of the Poor People's March on Washington D.C., was closed down by authorities.
    In 1971, the National Basketball Association modified its four-year eligibility rule to allow for collegiate hardship cases.
    In 1973, Eamon de Valera, the world's oldest statesman, resigned as president of Ireland at the age of 90.
    In 1975, a U.S. Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 crashed near Kennedy Airport, killing 113 people out of 124 aboard.
    In 1982, Equal Rights Amendment goes down in defeat.
    In 1985, all 329 people aboard an Air India Boeing 747 were killed when the plane crashed into the Atlantic Ocean near Ireland because of a bomb believed to have been planted by Sikh separatists. [Emphasizing SICK Sikh separatists.]
    In 1986, US Senate approves "tax reform" - taxes went up.
    In 1987, Actor/Comedian Jackie Gleason, "The Honeymooners'" Ralph Kramden, died.
    In 1989, after the crackdown on China's pro-democracy movement, Zhao Ziyang was deposed as Communist Party general secretary, and was replaced by Jiang Zemin. Warner Brothers movie "Batman." grosses $14.6 million in one day-a record.
    In 1994, President Clinton struck out at his conservative critics and the media, complaining in a speech in St. Louis that unfair and negative reports about him were feeding a cynical mindset in America.
    Dan Diviney, Abbottstown, Pennsylvania, joined the Colonel's BBS.
    In 1997, eighteen-year-old, Melissa Drexler, was charged with murder in the death of her baby. Drexler had given birth during her prom.
    In 1998, President Clinton left on a nine-day visit to China amid a swirl of controversy over his policy toward the Beijing government.
    AT&T Corporation struck a deal to buy cable TV giant, Tele-Communications Inc., for $31.7 billion.
Walt Disney World Resort admitted its 600-millionth guest. But, who's counting?
    In 1999, a Delta 2 rocket lifted off from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on a three-year mission to look for relics of the "Big Bang" that brought the universe into being.
    In 2002, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that juries, not judges, must make the decision to give a convicted killer the death penalty.
    A painting from Monet's Waterlilies series sold for $20.2 million.
    In 2003, in Paris, France, manuscripts by novelist Georges Simenon brought in $325,579. The original manuscript of "La Mort de Belle" raised $81,705.
    In 2005, a divided U.S. Supreme Court, in Kelo v. City of New London, ruled that governments may seize property for private development projects.
    In 2009, the number of casualties from the rear-end collision of two Metro commuter trains in Washington rose to nine dead and 70 injured. The accident occurred yesterday evening.
Edward Leo Peter "Ed" McMahon, Jr. (March 6, 1923 - June 23, 2009) was an American comedian, game show host, announcer, and television personality. Most famous for his work on television as Johnny Carson's announcer on Tonight Show from 1962 to 1992, and as the host of the talent show Star Search from 1983 to 1995, he later also became well-known as the presenter of American Family Publishers sweepstakes, which arrives unannounced at the homes of winners. He subsequently made a series of Neighborhood Watch Public Service Announcements parodying that role.

McMahon annually co-hosted the Jerry Lewis Labor Day Telethon. He performed in numerous television commercials, most notably for Budweiser. In the 1970s and 1980s, he anchored the team of NBC personalities conducting the network's coverage of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade.

McMahon appeared in several films, including The Incident (1967), Fun With Dick and Jane (1977), Full Moon High (1981), and Butterfly (1982), as well as briefly in the film version of Bewitched (2005). According to Entertainment Weekly he is considered one of the "greatest sidekicks".

Information from Wikipedia
11:43 6/23/2009

    In 2011, ...
Peter Falk , the stage and movie actor who became identified as the squinty, rumpled detective in "Columbo," spanning 30 years in prime-time television and established one of the most iconic characters in movie police work died. He was 83.
    In 2013, 34-year-old aerialist Nik Wallenda becomes the first person to walk a high wire across the Little Colorado River Gorge near Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona. Wallenda wasn’t wearing a safety harness as he made the quarter-mile traverse on a 2-inch-thick steel cable some 1,500 feet above the gorge. In June of the previous year, Wallenda, a member of the famous Flying Wallendas family of circus performers, became the first person to walk a tightrope over Niagara Falls.
    [From “This Day In History,” HISTORY.COM]

 Thought for the day...

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