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Today's quotation...
"All who joy would win
Must share it, --
happiness was born a twin.
-- Lord Byron [1788-1824]


At Forbes Field, Pittsburgh, Babe Ruth hit his seven hundred and fourteenth--and last--home run. The Babe, always a crowd pleaser, trotted around the bases, doffing his cap to the cheering fans in the stands, thus ending an era in the history of baseball.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1803, Ralph Waldo Emerson, philosopher.
    In 1889, Igor Sikorsky, developed a working helicopter.
    In 1925, the late Actress Jeanne Crain.
    In 1926, Miles Davis, American jazz musician, born in Alton, Illinois. Rising to prominence with the birth of modern jazz in the mid-1940s, Davis became a dominant force in jazz trumpet. He was influential in the development of “cool” jazz in 1949-50, led numerous outstanding small groups through the 1950s and 60s, and produced a successful blend of jazz and rock music in the 1970s and 80s. Davis's trumpet and flügelhorn styles were warmly lyrical and were marked by a brilliant use of mutes. He made many recordings, which reflect his stylistic changes; Kind of Blue (1959), a landmark of modal jazz, has been a best-seller since it was issued. Mr. Davis died in 1991.
    In 1927, Author Robert Ludlum.
    In 1929, Beverly Sills, soprano.
    In 1934, Former White House news secretary Ron Nessen.
    In 1936, Country singer-songwriter Tom T. Hall.
    In 1939, Ian McKellen, actor, who is to be referred to as "Sir" Ian McKellen in his native England. When McKellen was 7, his big Christmas present was a fold-away Victorian Theatre, complete with cardboard scenery. After graduating from St. Catharine’s College in Cambridge, McKellen decided to pursue an acting career. Most of McKellen’s work has been in several stage productions of Shakespeare’s works including, "Macbeth," "Richard III" and "Twelfth Night." His film work includes Gods and Monsters, Apt Pupil and The Last Action Hero. In 1990, McKellen was knighted by Queen Elizabeth for the great contributions he has made to the arts. McKellen recently performed the part of Gandalf in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers and Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.
    In 1943, Actress-singer Leslie Uggams.
A singer and actress perhaps best known for her work in the landmark television miniseries Roots, Leslie Uggams was born May 25, 1943 in New York City. The product of a showbiz family -- her father sang with the Hall Johnson Choir, and her mother was a chorus dancer -- she began her own career while still a child, making her TV debut at the age of six on the series Beulah. A year later, Uggams began performing regularly at the famed Apollo Theatre in Harlem, opening for such legends as Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, and Dinah Washington; she subsequently attended the Professional Children's School of New York, and frequently guested on television variety programs including The Milton Berle Show, The Arthur Godfrey Show and Your Show of Shows. At the age of 12, Uggams retired from performing; her absence from the spotlight was relatively brief, however, and three years later she appeared as a vocalist on the TV quiz show Name That Tune.

While a student at Juilliard, Uggams was tapped to join the cast of Sing Along with Mitch, becoming the first female singer and the first African-American talent to join the Mitch Miller-hosted variety program; in 1962, she also made her on-screen film debut with a cameo in Two Weeks in Another Town, and after signing to Columbia scored a hit single with "Morgan." She spent the next several years alternating nightclub dates with stage performances, also appearing in the theatrical production The Boyfriend. In 1968, Uggams was chosen to replace Lena Horne in the lead role in the Broadway musical Hallelujah, Baby!; the performance earned her a Tony Award and culminated her rise to stardom. In 1970, she was named the host of her own CBS variety series, the first black female since Hazel Scott a decade earlier to be given such an opportunity; however, The Leslie Uggams Show proved short-lived, one in a long list of sacrifices to the ratings juggernaut known as Bonanza.

The early 1970s marked a decline in Uggams' fortunes; outside of an appearance in the all-star 1972 film Skyjacked, she enjoyed little of the same success of recent years, and a move from Columbia to Atlantic did little to resuscitate her singing career. In 1977, however, she returned to television in the slavery saga Roots, with her superb performance as Kizzy earning an Emmy nomination; two years later, Uggams earned more kudos for her work in another miniseries, Backstairs at the White House, and in 1983 won an Emmy as co-host of the short-lived NBC series Fantasy. Later in the decade, Uggams returned to Broadway, starring in the musicals Blues In the Night and Jerry's Girls. In 1987, she toured with Peter Nero and Mel Tormé in The Great Gershwin Concert, and in 1988 starred in the National Company of the Lincoln Center Production of Anything Goes. After touring during the early 1990s in Stringbean, a musical based on the career of Ethel Waters, in 1996 Uggams joined the cast of the hit daytime soap opera All My Children. ~ Jason Ankeny, All Music Guide []
10:52 5/24/2009

    In 1944, Movie director and Muppeteer Frank Oz, who is best known as the voice of everyone’s favorite karate-chopping pig, Miss Piggy. Oz started working for Jim Henson as a summer job in 1963. That summer job ended up turning into a lifelong career. Oz has created characters that have enlightened the lives of children, and adults alike, for over 30 years. Included in his repertoire are the voices for Fozzy Bear, Animal, Grover, Sam the Eagle, Cookie Monster, Bert and the Jedi Master, Yoda. In addition to his work as a brilliant puppeteer, Oz has also directed films including Little Shop of Horrors, What About Bob? and In and Out. Even though he is a successful director, the puppets are closest to Oz’s heart. Oz reprised his role as the voice of Yoda in The Phantom Menace.
    In 1947, Actress Karen Valentine.
    In 1963, Mike Myers, actor, who is best known as the smashing, dashing Austin Powers. Myers started his career at the tender age of 8, starring in commercials for Pepsi and Kit-Kat bars. When Myers was 11, he filmed a commercial with comedian Gilda Radner (she played his mother). Myers developed a huge crush on Radner, and vowed that one day he would join her as a cast member on "Saturday Night Live." True to his word, Myers joined the cast of SNL in 1989, and went on to create such memorable characters as Wayne Campbell ("Wayne’s World"), Linda Richman of "Coffee Talk" and Dieter. Except for the success of Wayne’s World, his film career was not too impressive until Austin Powers came along in 1997. Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery was a blockbuster hit, and the sequel, The Spy Who Shagged Me ruled the box office in the summer of 1999. The latest in the series, Goldmember, hit theatres in 2002. Myers will grace kids and parents once again with the voice of Shrek in Shrek 2, in 2004.

 On this day...
    In 1768, Captain James Cook sets sail on first voyage of discovery. He maps coasts of New Zealand and Australia.
    In 1780, a mutiny of soldiers of George Washington's Continental Army at Morristown, New Jersey quelled.
    In 1787, Constitutional Convention convenes in Philadelphia.
    In 1810, the Primera Junta, the first independent government in Argentina, was established in an open cabildo in Buenos Aires, marking the end of the May Revolution.
    In 1862, [Civil War] Headline: Confederates score a victory at First Battle of Winchester
    Confederate General Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson notches a victory at the First Battle of Winchester, Virginia, as part of his brilliant campaign in the Shenandoah Valley. Jackson, with 17,000 troops under his command, was sent to the Shenandoah to relieve pressure on the Confederate troops near Richmond, Virginia, who were facing the growing force of George McClellan on the James Peninsula.
    In early May, Jackson struck John C. Fremont’s force at McDowell, in western Virginia. After driving Fremont out of the area, Jackson turned his attention to an army under the command of Nathaniel Banks, situated at the north end of the Shenandoah Valley. With only 10,000 troops, Banks had the unenviable task of holding off the fast-moving Jackson.
    On May 25, Jackson found Banks outside of Winchester. He attacked the Union force but was initially repulsed. The Confederates then struck each Union flank, and this time the Yankee line broke. A confused retreat ensued through the town of Winchester, and even some residents fired on the departing Yankees. Banks fled the Shenandoah into Maryland, and Jackson continued his rampage. The Union casualties included 62 killed, 243 wounded and over 1,700 captured or missing, while 68 of Jackson’s men died and another 329 were wounded.
    The numbers from Jackson’s 1862 valley campaign are stunning. His men marched 350 miles in a month; occupied 60,000 Yankee troops, preventing them from applying pressure on Richmond; won four battles against three armies; and inflicted twice as many casualties as they suffered. Jackson’s record cemented his reputation as one of the greatest generals of all time.

    In 1895, Oscar Wilde, an English playwright, was convicted of a morals charge and sentenced to prison in London.
    James P. Lee first published "Gold in America -- A Practical Manual".
    The Republic of Formosa was inaugurated in Taiwan, proclaiming independence from Qing China.
    In 1910, in Dayton, Ohio, Wilbur and Orville Wright fly together for the first time.
    In 1921, the first woman British barrister qualified.
    In 1925, John T. Scopes arrested in Dayton, Tennessee for teaching evolution.
    In 1927, Henry Ford stops producing the Model T car (begins Model A).
    AAC Lt. James H. "Jimmy" Doolittle flies the first successful outside loop.
    The "Movietone News" was shown for the first time at the Sam Harris Theatre in New York City.
    In 1934, the Dionnes were born in Callander, Ontario. They were the first quintuplets to survive infancy.
    In 1935, Babe Ruth hits the last homerun of his career, his 714th at Forbes Field, Boston.
    Jesse Owens breaks 4 world's track records in 45 minutes and matches 2 others at Ann Arbor, Michigan.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

U.S. NAVY K.O.'S JAPANESE MAVY AT MIDWAY * * * * * * * * * * * * * GERMANY SURRENDERS UNCONDITONALLY 7 MAY 2945* * * * * * * * * * * * * U.S. NAVY K.O.'S JAPANESE MAVY AT MIDWAY * * * * * * * * * * * * *GERMANY SURRENDERS UNCONDITONALLY 7 MAY 2945* * * * * * * * * * * * *
    In 1943, Since the beginning of May, the Soviets had engaged the German troops in heavy fighting in the Kuban. On May 5, the Red Army captured Krymskaya and Neberjaisk. In mid-May, the German offensive on the eastern front was aimed at partisan activity. In “Operation Gypsy Baron,” during a three-week period in the Bryansk area, the Germans engaged five infantry divisions, one armored division, and aircraft, which dropped bombs and 840,000 leaflets, calling for the partisans to surrender. The Germans estimated that six thousand partisans were operating in the region.
    [National Archives and Records Administration]
    In 1944, Headline: Operation Knight’s Move is launched
    Germany launches Operation Knight’s Move, in an attempt to seize Yugoslav communist partisan leader Tito.
    Using parachute drops and glider troops, German forces landed in the Yugoslavian village of Drvar, where Josep Broz Tito, leader of the anti-Axis guerilla movement, was believed to be. The village was decimated: Men, women, and children were all killed by German troops in search of Tito, who escaped.
    Headline: A revolt breaks out at the extermination camp at Auschwitz
    As several hundred Hungarian Jews were being led to a gas chamber in Birkenau (a supplementary camp, part of the Auschwitz complex known as Auschwitz II), the prisoners ran into the woods, suspecting their fate. Searchlights flooded the surrounding area, enabling the SS, who controlled the camp, to shoot all those who fled. This was the second such revolt in three days.
    In 1945, Operation Olympic approved- Invasion of Japan - scheduled for November 1.
05/25/2018 1007
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    In 1950, the first passenger cars allowed on new Brooklyn-Battery Tunnel in New York City.
    In 1953, the first atomic shell fired in Nevada.
    The first flight of the North American YF-100 Super Sabre prototype takes place at the Air Force Flight Test Center at Edwards AFB, California.
    In 1961, President John F. Kennedy asks congress to approve program to send man to the moon.
    In 1963, the formation of the Organization of African Unity.
    In 1965, Cassius Clay retains title by knocking out Sonny Liston in one minute at Lewiston, Maine.
    In 1968, the Grumman EA-6B electronic warfare/airborne jammer prototype makes its first flight at Long Island, N.Y.
    The Gateway Arch in St. Louis was dedicated by Vice President Hubert Humphrey and Interior Secretary Stewart Udall.
    In 1975, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Before the Next Teardrop Falls," Freddy Fender.
    In 1976, George Lucas's "Star Wars" opens across America.
    In 1977, "Star Wars", a science fantasy film written and directed by George Lucas, was released, eventually becoming one of the most successful films of all time.
Theme: Star Wars - great sci-fi cinema.

Geek Pride Day (Spanish: Día del orgullo friki ) is an initiative to promote geek culture, celebrated annually on 25 May. The date was chosen as to commemorate the 1977 release of Star Wars, but shares the same date as two other similar fan "holidays": Towel Day, for fans of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy trilogy by Douglas Adams, and the Glorious 25th of May for fans of Terry Pratchett's Discworld.
The initiative originated in Spain in 2006 as "Día del Orgullo Friki" and spread around the world via the Internet.
08:13 5/24/2014

    In 1981, Chicago's Sears Tower was scaled by daredevil Daniel Goodwin (while wearing a "Spiderman" costume and using suction cups) in 7 1/2 hours.
    In 1983, "Return of the Jedi" (Star Wars 3) is released.
    In 1985, a hurricane kills over 11,000 people in Bangladesh.
    In 1986, approximately 7 million Americans participated in "Hands Across America" in an effort to raise money to fight hunger and homelessness.
    In 1989, the Calgary Flames won their first Stanley Cup by defeating the Montreal Canadiens in game six of their championship series.
    In 1991, The entire Jewish population of Ethiopia airlifted to Israel in biggest airlift ever; 14,500 in 35 hours.
    In 1992, Jay Leno made his debut as full-time host of NBC's "Tonight Show," succeeding Johnny Carson.
    In 1993, through August 3rd. The first successful demonstration of aerobreaking (using atmospheric drag to slow a spacecraft) puts the Magellan Venus probe in a lower orbit. The probe suffers no ill effects.
    In 1994, the UN Security Council lifted a 10-year-old ban on weapons exports from South Africa, scrapping the last of its apartheid-era embargoes.
    In 1997, Senator Strom Thurmond (R-S.C.) became the longest-serving senator in US history, marking 41 years and ten months of service.
    Poland adopted a constitution that removed all traces of communism.
    In 1998, Indonesia's new president, B.J. Habibie, promised to hold elections. Leaders in the former Soviet republic of Georgia and its breakaway province of Abkhazia agreed to a cease-fire after a week of fighting.
    In 1999, a report by the U.S. House of Representatives Select Committee on U.S. National Security and Military/Commercial Concerns with the People's Republic of China concluded that China had "stolen design information on the U.S. most-advanced thermonuclear weapons" and that China's penetration of U.S. weapons laboratories "spans at least the past several decades and almost certainly continues today."
    In 2000, Israel withdrew its army from most of Lebanese territory, 22 years after its first invasion in 1978.
    In 2002, President George W. Bush, during a visit to St. Petersburg, joined Russian President Vladimir Putin in pressuring Pakistan's president to cur cross-boarder violence in Kashmir and ease tensions with neighboring India.
    In 2003, China launches a third navigation satellite on a Long March 3-A rocket to complete its Beidou satellite system, a navigation aid for transportation, meteorology, petroleum production, telecommunications, and public security.
    In 2002, China Airlines Flight 611 crashed in the Taiwan Strait after breaking up in mid-air, killing all 225 people on board.
    In 2006, a Missouri couple the FBI called the country's most dangerous have turned themselves in on allegations they videotaped raping and killing another woman. Richard D. Davis and Dena D. Riley surrendered to the Barton County, Mo., Sheriff's Department after eight days on the run. A national search was sparked when the beaten and naked body of 41-year-old Marsha Spicer was found May 15 in Lafayette County, Missouri.     In 2007, President George W. bush signed a bill to pay for military operations in Iraq that did not contain a timetable for troop withdrawals.
    In 2011, after a 25-year run, "The Oprah Winfrey Show" aired its final broadcast.

 Thought for the day...

[This is the 05/25/2019 bulletin.]