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Today's quotation...
"She's got to pull through, because she's got 700 families' worth of love. It's not fair, but she's part of their hope."
-- HOWARD W. LUTNICK, referring to Lauren Manning, a burn victim in the Sept. 11 attack. [10:54 10/17/2001]

Burgoyne Surrender Day

    On this date in 1777, the British General John Burgoyne surrendered his forces to the Americans at Saratoga, New York, one of the great turning points of the American Revolution. Perhaps the most significant result of the American victory at Saratoga was that it assured the colonials of French assistance.

 Happy Birthday ......
    In 1908, Actress Jean Arthur born as Gladys Georgianna Greene. She apeared mostly in comedies and in "Mr. Deeds goes to Town" and "Mr. Smith goes to Washington" with James Stewart.
    In 1915, Arthur Miller, who was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1949 for his play Death of a Salesman. Miller studied both journalism and English while attending the University of Michigan, and it took him only six days to write his first award winning play, "No Villain." After graduation, Miller was a prolific author of radio plays, and penned the memorable tales "William Ireland’s Confession," "The Battle of the Ovens," "Toward a Farther Star" and "Listen for the Sound of Wings." In 1947, Miller enjoyed his first theatrical success with All My Sons, and his next work, Death of a Salesman, has come to be revered as one of the great works of American theatre. Death of a Salesman was revived on Broadway in 1999 for its 50th anniversary, and Miller’s The Crucible is frequently performed in playhouses throughout the nation.
    In 1918, Rita Hayworth (Margarita Carmen Cansino). U.S. film actress whose films include "Cover Girl" and "Separate Tables." Her five husbands included Orson Welles.
    In 1925, Actor Tom Poston.
Though many casual observers perceive that comic actor Tom Poston was "discovered" by Steve Allen in 1956, Poston had in fact been a performer long before Allen ever set foot on a stage. At age 9, Poston was a member of the Flying Zebleys, an acrobatic troupe. After Air Force service in World War II, he began his formal acting training at the AADA. Poston made his "legit" New York stage debut in Jose Ferrer's Cyrano de Bergerac (1947). With several years of stage work under his belt, Poston was engaged to host the local New York TV variety series Entertainment (1955), and it was this effort that brought him to the attention of Steve Allen. The story goes that Poston was so flustered at his audition for Allen's TV variety series that he forgot his own name when asked. From 1956 through 1960, Poston was seen along with Louis Nye and Don Knotts as a member of the Allen stock company; appropriately, he was most often cast as a "man on the street" interviewee who could never remember his name. Poston won an Emmy for his work on Allen's show in 1959, and that same year hosted the weekday TV game show Split Personality; this gig led to a long tenure as a guest panelist on other quiz programs. In films from 1953, Poston starred in a pair of offbeat William Castle-directed comedies, Zotz (1962) and The Old Dark House (1963). Poston's TV sitcom credits include such roles as prison guard Sullivan on On the Rocks (1975), absentminded Damon Jerome on We've Got Each Other (1977), cantankerous neighbor Franklin Delano Bickley on Mork and Mindy and Ringo Crowley on Good Grief (1990). In 1982, Poston beat out Jerry Van Dyke for his most famous prime-time TV role: caretaker George Utley on Newhart. Poston died at age 85 in April 2007, of undisclosed causes. Until the time of his death, he was married to Suzanne Pleshette of The Bob Newhart Show.
~ Hal Erickson, All Movie Guide
10:33 10/16/2008

    In 1930, Newspaper columnist Jimmy Breslin.
    In 1938, Robert 'Evel' Knievel, motorcycle daredevil.
Click here for more information on Knievel.
    In 1948, George Wendt: "Norm!" Wendt is an actor who will forever be linked to his lovable, beer drinking character, Norm Peterson, of "Cheers" fame. While Wendt is widely recognized for starring on the long-running sitcom where "everybody knows your name," there are many more credits to his body of work. Wendt began his career with Chicago’s Second City Comedy Troupe, and has given memorable performances on the silver screen in Fletch (1985), Gung Ho (1986), Guilty By Suspicion (1991), Man of the House (1995) and My Dinner with Jimi in 2003.     In 1948, Margot Kidder, actress who rose to fame playing reporter, Lois Lane, in a series of popular Superman flicks. Kidder made her feature debut in Gaily, Gaily (1969) to rave reviews, and continued to give stellar performances in Sisters (1973), A Quiet Day in Belfast (1975) and Stranger in the House (1975). Playing the love interest of the Man of Steel in 1978’s Superman made Kidder a household name. While Kidder may have felt typecast after her subsequent screen appearances as the career-driven Lois Lane, she still landed lead roles in The Amityville Horror (1979) and Some Kind of Hero (1982). In recent years, Kidder has taught acting, leant her voice to cartoons and appeared in the movies One Woman’s Courage (1994), Common Ground (2000) and Death4Told in 2003. In addition, Kidder made an appearance on the Superman based TV series "Smallville" earlier this year [2004].
    In 1971, Chris Kirkpatrick (1971): One of the former Princes of Pop who walked away with 4 MTV Music Awards in 2001.‘N Sync released their self-titled debut album in 1998, and broke into the Billboard Top 10 with their first single, "I Want You Back." The group’s popularity soared, and their second single, "Tearin’ Up My Heart," secured ‘N Sync the coveted number 1 spot both on the countdown and in the hearts of their fans. In addition to singing and dancing, Kirkpatrick is also the official spokesperson for Child Watch North America. Child Watch is an organization that reunites parents with their missing children.
    In 1974, Eminem: While much of his career has been shrouded in controversy, there is no disputing that Eminem (a.k.a. Marshall Mathers) is a talented wordsmith. It was his gift for the written word that caught the attention of producer/rapper Dr. Dre, who signed Eminem to his Aftermath label. Eminem’s debut release on Aftermath, "The Slim Shady LP" (1999), reached number two on the Billboard charts within weeks of its release. The success of the single, "My Name Is," made Mathers an overnight sensation, and he quickly became a staple on MTV’s Total Request Live countdown. Numerous Grammys later, he made his silver screen debut - opposite Kim Bassinger - in 8 Mile (2002), a story based on his life.

 On this day...
    In 1777, American troops defeated British forces in Saratoga, NY. It was the turning point in the American Revolutionary War.
    In 1835, a corps of mounted armed men is formed in the Republic of Texas to guard the frontier from hostile Mexicans and Indian raiders. The formation of the unit—known as the Texas Rangers—marks the beginning of the oldest and perhaps most legendary law enforcement group in American history. Excerpted from the History Channel, 2011.
    In 1849, Frederic Chopin, Polish romantic composer and pianist, died of tuberculosis in Paris.
    In 1864, [Civil War] Longstreet returns to command
    Confederate General James Longstreet assumes command of his corps in Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness in Virginia in May of that year, Longstreet missed the campaign for Richmond, Virginia,and spent five months recovering before retuning to his command.
    Longstreet was one of the most effective corps commanders in the war. He became a brigadier general before the First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia,in 1861, andquickly rose through the ranks of the Army of Northern Virginia. He became a divisional commander, and his leadership during the Seven Days Battles and the Second Battle of Bull Run earned him the respect of the Confederate army’s commander, General Robert E. Lee, who gave him command of a corps just before the Battle of Antietam in Maryland in September 1862.
    His leadership at Antietam, Fredericksburg, and Gettysburg sealed his reputation as a brilliant corps leader, but Longstreet was less successful when given an independent command. In spring 1863, he led a force in northern North Carolina and southern Virginia, and he made an expedition to relieve Confederate forces in Tennessee in fall 1863. He enjoyed little success in either situation.
    The Union Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River in early May 1864 for another attempt at capturing the Confederate capital at Richmond. On May 6, during the Battle of the Wilderness, Longstreet was shot by his own troops while scouting the lines during the battle. Ironically, it was just a few miles from the spot where Confederate General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson had been mortally wounded by his menone year earlier. Longstreet was hit in the neck and shoulder, and nearly died. He was incapacitated for the rest of the campaign and did not rejoin his corps until it was mired in the siege of Petersburg, Virginia, in October 1864.
    After the war, Longstreet worked at a variety of government posts, including U.S. minister to Turkey. He broke with his fellow Confederates by joining the Republican Party, and dared to criticize some of Lee’s tactical decisions. Though he was reviled by many of his fellow generals for this later behavior, he outlived most of his detractors.Longstreet died in Gainesville, Georgia, at the age of 82 in 1904.

    In 1902, the first Cadillac motor car was made in Detroit.
    In 1919, the Radio Corporation of America (RCA), is created.
    In 1922, the first aircraft carrier takeoff in US Navy history is made by Navy Lt. V.C. Griffin in a Vought VE-7SF from USS Langley, at anchor in the York River in Virginia.
    In 1931, Al Capone, Chicago's most notorious gangster, has reason to smile as the verdict is read: guilty of only 5 of 23 counts of income tax evasion. The decision disappoints federal prosecutors. "Scarface" earns an 11-year prison sentence; good behavior springs him in just of 7. But Capone's crime boss days are over, is afflicted with syphilitic dementia and dies in 1947, age 48.
    In 1933, Albert Einstein arrives in the US, a refugee from Nazi Germany.
World At War
    World War II, which had begun in Europe on September 1, 1939, with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, ended six years later to the day, September 1, 1945. The final concluding ceremony came the following day, September 2, 1945, with the signing of surrender papers by representatives of Japan, Nazi Germany's Axis partner in the Far East.

Nine Notable Veterans of World War II

    In 1939, Germany: Nazis attack with 100,000 on the Western Front.
    In 1941, first American destroyer torpedoed in WW II, USS Kearny off Iceland.
    A governmental crisis has Tokyo in political chaos as Premier Fumimaro Konoye and his third Cabinet resigned en bloc last night. The resignations underscore the division of the Japanese concerning international events. There are two schools of thought: one believes Japan should reach agreements with the United States; and the other espouses the need to stay allied with Germany and the Axis powers.
    Emperor Hirohito accepted Konoye's decision and designated General Tojo, the War Minster, to head a new government. To America, the transformation holds threatening possibilities as Konoye was much more receptive to Washington than Tojo has ever been.
    In 1943, General Douglas MacArthur directed the New Guinea portion of Operation Cartwheel, the Allied military plan to caputre New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, the huge Japanese base at Rabaul on New Britain, and the Philippines. After capturing the Japanese base at Lae on September 16, the Allied troops moved toward Finschhafen, a large port at the tip of the Huon Peninsula, and secured on October 2. Throughout the New Guinea campaign, rather than moving in a direct line along the New Guinea coast, MacArthur ordered a series of leapfrogging amphibious assaults, which allowed the Allied troops to avoid concentrations of Japanese troops and to land safely in places where airstrips could be hastily constructed for Allied bomber and fighter planes. This tactic had been successfully used by the British and American troops during the campaign in Sicily.
    [National Archives and Records Administration]
10/17/2017 1413
    In 1945, Colonel Juan Peron staged a coup d'etat, becoming absolute ruler of Argentina.
    In 1952, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "I Went to Your Wedding," Patti Page.
    In 1956, Queen Elizabeth opened Britain's first nuclear power station at Calder Hall in Cumbria.
    In 1962, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Monster Mash," Bobby Pickett and the Crypt-Kickers. The Halloween hit re-enters the Billboard chart in 1970 and 1973, hitting No. 10 on the last go-around.
    In 1963, Vela Hotel satellite performs first space-based detection of nuclear explosion.
     The first LGM-10A Minuteman I operational test launch is carried out at Vandenberg AFB, California, by a crew from Malmstrom AFB, Montana.
    In 1970, President Anwar Sadat was sworn in as president of Egypt in succession to Gamal Abdel Nasser.
    In 1972, No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "My Ding-a-Ling," Chuck Berry. The rude novelty song is Berry's only No. 1 song.
    In 1973, Arab oil producers increased oil prices and cut back production in response to U.S. support of Israel in the Yom Kippur war. The oil embargo will last until March, 1974.
    In 1977, West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa plane in Mogadishu, Somalia, freeing 86 hostages and kill three of the four hijackers.
    In 1978, President Carter signed a bill resoring US citizenship to Confederate President Jefferson Davis. (Ever the humanitarian that Carter.)
    In 1979, Mother Teresa of India was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
    In 1986, Congress passed a landmark immigration bill, the first U.S. law authorizing penalties for employers who hire illegal aliens.
    In 1987, First lady, Nancy Reagan, underwent a modified radical mastectomy at Bethesda Naval Hospital in Maryland.
    In 1989, the biennial conference of the 103-nation Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) approved a worldwide ban on ivory trading.
    An earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter scale hits San Francisco at 5:04 p.m. and lasts for 15 seconds. Millions witnessed on live TV the aftermath of the quake, which struck moments before game three of the World Series between the San Francisco Giants and the Oakland Athletics at Candlestick Park. Sixty-three people were killed, more than 3,000 others were injured and more than 100,000 buildings were damaged.
    In 1990, U.N. Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar said military force would be a legitimate response to the Iraqi occupation of Kuwait if sanctions did not work.
    In 1991, ...
    In 1992, Japanese exchange student Yoshi Hattori, 16, was shot and killed by Rodney Peairs in Center, Louisianna after Hattori and his American host mistakenly knocked on Peairs' door whilc looking for a Halloween party.
    In 1994, leaders of Israel and Jordan initialed a draft peace treaty.
     Negotiators for the Angolan government and rebels agreed to a peace treaty to end their 19-year civil war.
    In 1994, Israel and Jordan initialed a draft peace treaty.
     The Angolan government and rebels agreed to a peace treaty that ended their 19 years of civil war.
     North Korea agreed to freeze its nuclear weapons program and allow international inspections of its facilities.
    In 1995, Rhino Home Video releases 58 episodes of "The Monkees" on 21 cassettes - the largest video boxed set ever.
    In 1997, the remains of revolutionary Ernesto "Che" Guevara were laid to rest in his adopted Cuba, 30 years after he was executed in Bolivia.
    In 1998, by request of Spanish authorities, British police arrested former Chilean dictator Gen. Augusto Pinochet for questioning about crimes of genocide and terrorism that include murder.
    In 2001, Israel's tourism minister was killed. A radical Palestinian faction claimed that it had carried out the assassination to avenge the killing of its leader by Israel 2 months earlier.
     Pakistan placed its armed forces on high alert because of troop movements by India in the disputed territory of Kashmir. India said that the movements were part of a normal troop rotation.
     The U.S. Capitol building and all House office buildings were closed for inspection following the discovery of anthrax in a Senate office building.
     Pentagon announces that it is employing armed Predator drones, equipped with Hellfire missiles in Afghanistan.
     Italian priest Giuseppe "Beppe" Pierantoni was kidnapped by the terrorist group the "Pentagon." He was released on April 8, 2002.
    In 2003, the Food and Drug Administration approved a drug, known as memantine, to help people with Alzheimer's symptoms.
     In Taipei, Taiwan, construction crews finished 1,676-foot-tall-building called Taipei 101. The building was planned to open for business in 2004.
     In northwest England, the Carnforth railway station reopened as a heritage center.
     The U.S. hostile fire death toll in the Iraqi war reached 100 since President Bush announced the end of major combat in May.
    In 2004, Brazil began its controversial practice of allowing its air force to shoot down planes suspected of smuggling drugs.
    In 2005, the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season tied a 72-year-old record for busiest ever with the formation of Tropical Storm Wilma. Wilma, which was drifting slowly through the northwestern Caribbean Sea, became the 21st tropical storm or hurricane of the season, matching the record set in 1933.
     A two-man Chinese space crew landed in China's northern grasslands after five days in orbit.
     Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi enraged China and South Korea by visiting Tokyo's Yasukuni war shrine
    In 2007, President George W. Bush, raising Beijing's ire, presented the Dalai Lama with the Congressional Gold Medal and urged Chinese leaders to welcome the monk to Beijing.

 Thought for the day...

[This is the 10/17/2018 bulletin.]
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